Frederick Douglass, 1817-1895
Frederick Douglass escaped from bondage in 1838 and soon emerged as a powerful advocate for abolition. When his oratorical brilliance led some to question whether he had ever been a slave, Douglass risked recapture by recounting the details of his biography in his Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845). In 1847, after supporters in Britain purchased his freedom, Douglass expanded his antislavery activism by launching the North Star newspaper. He later led the call to enlist black troops in the Union army during the Civil War. In the year's following that conflict, Douglass continued his vigorous campaign for the rights of African Americans.
George Kendall Warren, 1876