PROBES_200418_41
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"Stand By Me"

Eslanda Cardozo Goode Robeson, wife of Paul Robeson was the grand daughter of Francis Cardozo the first African American to hold a Statewide office in the United States.

The Cardozo Education Campus located at 13th and Clifton St. NW Washington, DC is named after Francis Cardozo who served as South Carolina's Secretary of State during reconstruction.

"Essie" was an astute manager of Paul's artistic career until her death. She was also a partner with Paul on their condemnation of lynching and racism in the United States and colonialism abroad. "I should like the continent (Africa) to become a zone where no foreign military bases are allowed. I should like this to be paralleled with an ideological truce and an agreement not to try to convert Africa into an economic appendage of any other continent.
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