by Dame Barbara Hepworth
Dame Barbara Hepworth (1903–1975) played a major role in shaping international modernism. She is best known for creating sculptures in wood, marble, alabaster, and bronze that are often influenced by the shapes and contours of nature.
During the early 1930s, the forms in Hepworth’s sculptures became more and more simplified. By the end of 1934, she was creating entirely abstract works, regarded as the first completely abstract sculptures made anywhere in the world. In the late 1930s after moving to a small fishing harbor in England’s Cornwall region, Hepworth’s work became influenced by the Cornish landscape.
Her sculptures were no longer completely abstract; they contained references to landscape forms and to nature.
Hepworth’s work is represented in collections throughout the world, including New York’s Museum of Modern Art.