Welcome to the Arctic! The Arctic has no hard and fast boundary, but its character is easy to define. The North Pole sits in the centre of a large, ice-covered ocean, which in turn is surrounded by barren, frozen land. Despite the harsh conditions, the Arctic is full of life. Animals, plants, and people call the Arctic home.
The name Arctic is derived from ‘arctos’ [arktoz], the Greek word for ‘bear’, referring to the Great Bear and Little Bear constellations that dominate the Northern night sky.
The eight nations with territory in the Arctic are Canada, Russia, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, and the United States.
The Arctic is our early warning system – an area extremely sensitive to environmental change, whether it be climate change or increased pollution.