President Kennedy's reading copy of his address before the American Society of Newspaper Editors on the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, April 20, 1961, selected pages.
Publicly, President Kennedy took responsibility for the invasion's failure and spoke of the lessons to be learned from "this sobering episode." Privately, he wondered aloud to a close adviser, "How could I have been so off base? ... All my life I've known better than to depend on the experts. How could I have been so stupid, to let them go ahead?"