DC -- Mt Pleasant -- Francis Asbury (Lukeman) Equestrian Statue (16th and Mt. Pleasant St, NW):
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ASBURS_200429_24.JPG: Francis Asbury
ASBURS_200429_27.JPG: His continuous journeying through cities villages and settlements from 1771 to 1846 greatly promoted patriotism education morality and religion in the American republic.
-- Act of Congress
ASBURS_200429_33.JPG: The Prophet of the [L]ong Road
ASBURS_200429_36.JPG: If you seek for the results of his labor you will find them in our Christian civilization.
ASBURS_200429_39.JPG: Augustus Lukeman, sc 1921
Henry Augustus Lukeman
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Henry Augustus Lukeman (January 28, 1872 – April 3, 1935) was an American sculptor, specializing in historical monuments. Noted among his works are the World War I monument in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, the Kit Carson Monument in Trinidad, Colorado and the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial in Georgia.
Early life and education
Henry Augustus Lukeman was born on January 28, 1872, in Richmond, Virginia,[page needed] and was raised in New York City. He is "said to have begun lessons at the National Academy and the Cooper Union School at age eleven," though a National Academy of Design source notes that that school's "registration records do not bear… out" this historical supposition. It is also reported[by whom?] that he began sculpting at age 10 at a boys' club miniature workshop, working in clay and wood from ages 10 to 13.
At a young age he became a studio assistant of Launt Thompson, an Irish-American sculptor and National Academician, and, like Launt, pursued medically related studies (anatomy) -- Lukeman at New York's Bellevue Hospital (for two year prior to 1890). He remained with Launt until age 16.[verification needed] There is report,[by whom?] potentially conflicting with other sources regarding his early training, that has him involved in an apprenticeship at the foundry of Jno. Williams, Inc. until he was 19. Likewise regarding a further report:[by whom?] that Lukeman studied terra cotta and architectural modeling for building and exterior decorations for several years,[when?] while in the evening studying life drawing (at the Cooper Union in New York). Lukeman is known to have attended classes at the National Academy for Design beginning in 1890, where records exist for his registration for the antique school (for two years), and to have followed this with study at Columbia University. Following that he went to Europe for 6 months and worked under Jean-Alexandre-Joseph Falguiere, at the Beaux Arts, in Paris.[verification needed]
When Lukeman returned to New York, he became an assistant to Daniel Chester French, a commitment that would last for a decade and a half, during which time he would also begin to execute his own commissions, eventually opening his own studio in New York.[when?] When construction of the World's Columbian Exposition began in 1893, Lukeman would superintend enlarging some important works for French, for instance, the Statue of the Republic.
Lukeman's independent work began in this new studio, and included the monuments in which he would come to specialize, as well as "portrait busts and statues, bas-reliefs, ornamental sculpture," which have been described as being "architecturally effective and often remarkable in conception." Notable works in New York state from his early independent work include figures for the Customs Building in Columbus, on the Appellate Court House in Manhattan, and on the facade of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. A further more complete list of his American and Canadian commissions and other important public sculpture works is given below.
A seminal work of Lukeman -- proceeding from his earlier work on "several grandiose memorials" -- was to complete the execution of the enormously scaled Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial. This mountain carving depicted the confederacy's president, Jefferson Davis, and Generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (and their respective horses Blackjack, Traveller, and Little Sorrel), in DeKalb County, Georgia, near Atlanta; there, Lukeman designed and supervised sculpting of the monument after removing the earlier work of Gutzon Borglum (the original commissionee, who had resigned). David Dearinger notes that "Lukeman was criticized for taking over another artist's work," and that "he used Borglum's existing scheme," though altering it to be a bas-relief whose figures would ultimately be over 150 feet tall.
When funding ran out in the advent of the Great Depression, Lukeman would continue to pay the craftsmen until his own means were exhausted, after which the carving would remain incomplete for decades (until Walker Hancock and Roy Faulkner completed an edited version of the Lukeman design in 1970). Located 400 feet (120 m) above ground, and lacking the originally intended legs on the horses, the Lukeman-Hancock-Faulkner sculpture ultimately measured 190 feet (58 m) by 90 feet (27 m), and is recessed 42 feet (13 m).
Lukeman died in New York on April 3, 1935, aged 65, leaving his wife, formerly, Helen Bidwell Blodgett.
Honors and awards
Lukeman's work was recognized by the Henry Street Settlement,[when?] and he was given an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Dickinson College.[when?]
Influences, and those influenced
Two significant influences were those whose training he extensively received, Launt Thompson and Daniel Chester French. In addition, Lukeman was known to have kept a small nude study executed by Kenyon Cox,[verification needed] one which "Cox considered among his best," and is therefore considered as one of Lukeman's possible artistic influences.
The following entries, whose dates of execution are known, are ordered according to date, earliest to latest:
* Manu, the Law Giver of India, 1899, on the Appellate Division Courthouse of New York State, New York City.
* Music (Festival Hall) and another decorative sculpture (Electrical Building), at the Saint Louis Exposition, 1904, Saint Louis, Missouri; awarded a medal.[clarification needed]
* The Hebrew Law Giver, Psalmist, Apostle, and Prophet (4 figures, facade), 1907-1909, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, New York.
* The Straus Memorial in Straus Park, Manhattan, New York City, 1915; dedicated to Ida and Isidor Straus, who lost their lives on the RMS Titanic.[better source needed]
* Pulitzer Prize gold medal (with Daniel Chester French), 1918.
* The Prospect Park Memorial, 1921, a World War I monument, in Prospect Park, Brooklyn.
* The Soldiers and Sailors Monument, 1923, Pittsfield, Massachusetts; refurbished, with presentation, Memorial Day 2010.
* Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial, DeKalb County, Georgia, near Atlanta, 1925-1928; preceded in this project by Gutzon Borglum, and followed by Walker Hancock.
The following entries, whose dates of execution are unknown, are ordered alphabetically by the subjects surname or place name:
* Francis Asbury Equestrian Sculpture, Washington, D.C.
* Francis Asbury Statue, Madison, New Jersey.
* Daniel Boone bas-relief portrait, Paris, Kentucky.
* Kit Carson Monument in Trinidad, Colorado; figure of Carson; sculptor Frederick Roth executed the horse.
* Lieutenant Cushing, on the Dewey Arch, New York, New York.
* Customs Building, Columbus, New York.
* Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, San Diego, California.
* Major General David McM. Gregg equestrian statue, Reading, Pennsylvania.
* Joseph Henry, professor, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey.
* Robert Livingston, Saint Louis, Michigan.
* President William McKinley Statue, Adams, Massachusetts.
* President William McKinley Statue, Toledo, Ohio.
* Memorial to the Women of the Confederacy, Raleigh, North Carolina.
* National Sculpture Society Seal.
* Pan-American Exposition sculpture, in Buffalo, New York.
* James K. Patterson, early president of the University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
* President Franklin Pierce, New Hampshire State Capitol, Concord, New Hampshire.
* Royal Bank of Canada headquarters, four colossal statues, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
* General William Shepard, Westfield, Massachusetts.
* Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Public Square, Watertown, New York.
* Soldiers' Monument, Somerville, Massachusetts.
* Elisha Yale, at Gloversville, New York.
Wikipedia Description: Francis Asbury (Lukeman)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis Asbury, also known as the Francis Asbury Memorial, is a public equestrian statue, by American artist Augustus Lukeman, located at 16th Street and Mt. Pleasant Street, Northwest, Washington, D.C., in the Mount Pleasant neighborhood.
It was originally surveyed as part of the Smithsonian's Save Outdoor Sculpture! survey in 1994.
This bronze sculpture features Francis Asbury seated upon his horse wearing a cape and hat. In his proper right hand he holds a bible. The horse is bending its head down to lick its left leg. The sculpture sits on a granite base (approx. 100 in. x 140 in. x 200 in.). On the proper left side of the sculpture, near the base, it is signed "Augustus Lukeman Sc 1921."
The sculpture is inscribed on the front of the base:
On the left side of the base it is inscribed:
HIS CONTINUOUS JOURNEY THROUGH CITIES
VILLAGES AND SETTLEMENTS FROM 1771 TO 1816
GREATLY PROMOTED PATRIOTISM EDUCATION MORALITY
AND RELIGION IN THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC
Act of Congress
On the right side of the base it is inscribed:
IF YOU SEEK FOR THE RESULTS OF HIS LABOR
YOU WILL FIND THEM
IN OUR CHRISTIAN CIVILIZATION
And on the back of the base it is inscribed:
OF THE LONG ROAD
Francis Asbury Statue Washington D.C. Dedication Events
During the leap year of 1919, President Woodrow Wilson and the 66th Congress of the United States gave approval to the site and location for the Francis Asbury Statue. This formal event which occurred on February 29, 1919 allowed for the newly formed Francis Asbury Memorial Foundation to begin its work to raise monies for the Francis Asbury Statue.
For design of the statue, The Francis Asbury Memorial Foundation chose Mr. Evarts Tracy.
The distinguished designer from the New York architectural firm, Tracy and Swartwout, was not only a talented architect and designer, he was the great-great grandson of Roger Sherman, a signer of the American Declaration of Independence. In addition to his design architectural design experience, Mr. Evarts Tracy was commissioned years earlier to design camouflage techniques for the troops on the front line of World War I. The design of the Francis Asbury Statue by Mr. Evarts Tracy began in the year 1919. Upon completion of the design, the Francis Asbury Memorial Foundation chose the Roman Bronze Works of New York to build the equestrian memorial. In 1921, the Roman Bronze Works in turn commissioned the independent artist, Henry Augustus Lukeman to sculpt the Asbury Statue.
The American sculptor was born in Richmond, Virginia in 1872: at the early age of ten he began to sculpt with wood and clay. Through a workshop at the New York-based Boys' Club he learned the basics of sculpting. For the next three years, his fascination with the art form led him to study under the Irish artist and immigrant, Launt Thompson. By the age of sixteen, Augustus Lukeman gained an apprenticeship at the New York City based foundry founded by Mr. John Williams. He remained in this learning program until 1891 when he reached the age of nineteen. For the next few years, Augustus Lukeman spent his days studying and working with terra cotta and his evenings studying drawing techniques and antiques at the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.
By the summer of 1924, Augustus Lukeman was nearly complete with the Francis Asbury Statue.
Wednesday, October 15, 1924 at 2:30 pm, several thousand people gather to view the dedication ceremony for the Francis Asbury Statue. Dignitaries from Washington D.C. seat on the white-draped platform. The photos from the day were taken from an advantageous viewpoint. The article, Francis Asbury Statue Dedication, displays the photos from the actual event.
In one of the photos, President Calvin Coolidge stands at the podium, ready to give his speech which contains the famous phrase about Francis Asbury which many who know of Asbury are familiar with, “He is entitled to rank as one of the builders of our nation.”
Another photo from the day of the dedication displays the patriotic manner in which the statue was vailed before the ceremony. Two large American flags flank either side of the statue. “The shot taken from the crowd level is a stunning depiction of Francis Asbury and the flags of his adopted country. A country in which he spent nearly his entire life leading the people of the frontier to Jesus Christ.”
The sculpture was founded by Roman Bronze Works in New York City. The piece was erected by the Francis Asbury Memorial Foundation and was approved by Congress on February 29, 1919. It was dedicated on October 15, 1924 and cost $50,000.
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