DC -- U Street -- African American Civil War Museum -- Internal Exhibits:
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Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
AACWMI_190923_005.JPG: The Glorious March to Liberty
Civil War to Civil Rights
The African American Civil War Museum honors the Americans of African descent who fought to save the Union and secure the blessings of liberty for themselves and their posterity.
The struggle for liberty and equality under the law has characterized the experiences of Africans and their descendants in the United States. This is only a fraction of their story.
AACWMI_190923_010.JPG: The American Colonies
AACWMI_190923_013.JPG: Building a Nation
AACWMI_190923_016.JPG: Africans Arrive in America
AACWMI_190923_019.JPG: Merchants of Human Cargo
AACWMI_190923_028.JPG: Cargo of the Middle Passage
AACWMI_190923_032.JPG: Laborers and Warriors
AACWMI_190923_035.JPG: Prisoners of War
AACWMI_190923_042.JPG: The War for Independence
AACWMI_190923_044.JPG: Freedom Fighters
AACWMI_190923_056.JPG: Soldiers, Sailors and Marines
"Stampede of Slaves from Hampton to Fortress Monroe"
AACWMI_190923_079.JPG: Conceived in Liberty
AACWMI_190923_082.JPG: Delicate Balance
AACWMI_190923_086.JPG: Early Civil Rights Leaders
AACWMI_190923_089.JPG: The Prince Makes a Northern Speaking Tour
AACWMI_190923_095.JPG: The War of 1812
AACWMI_190923_098.JPG: A Military Necessity
AACWMI_190923_102.JPG: Jackson's Colored Soldiers
AACWMI_190923_112.JPG: United States Slave Trade
AACWMI_190923_115.JPG: Enslaved Americans using the first cotton gin
AACWMI_190923_116.JPG: Cotton became King
AACWMI_190923_117.JPG: Awakened by Fear
AACWMI_190923_120.JPG: Rights Secured in Providence
AACWMI_190923_126.JPG: Southern Ideas of Liberty
AACWMI_190923_128.JPG: Nat Turner's Demonstration
AACWMI_190923_130.JPG: Southern Ideas of Liberty
AACWMI_190923_132.JPG: To Secure the Blessings of Liberty
AACWMI_190923_136.JPG: The Hunted Slaves, by Richard Ansdell
Bloodhounds helped patrollers track down fugitive slaves. Fugitives devised various tactics to deceive the hounds, but sometimes they simply killed them.
AACWMI_190923_140.JPG: Fugitives for Freedom
The Christiana Affair
AACWMI_190923_143.JPG: Bullets for Ballots
AACWMI_190923_145.JPG: Preparing for War
AACWMI_190923_147.JPG: The Anti-Slavery Movement
Crimes Against God and Man
AACWMI_190923_153.JPG: The Underground Railroad: Enslaved Americans in wagon and on foot escaping slavery
AACWMI_190923_154.JPG: The Mystery
AACWMI_190923_156.JPG: Anti Annexation Procession in opposition to the annexation of Texas as a slaveholding state
AACWMI_190923_158.JPG: James G. Birney
a former slaveholder from Kentucky
AACWMI_190923_161.JPG: In Their Own Words
AACWMI_190923_167.JPG: Wiiliam Wells Brown
AACWMI_190923_174.JPG: To Secure the Blessings of Liberty
AACWMI_190923_178.JPG: The Planter's Demand for Labor
These shackles were used to prevent captives from escaping when they were transported in the domestic slave trade. After 1808, the domestic slave trade became very profitable as slave traders transported their human property from the East to the West and Deep South.
AACWMI_190923_186.JPG: Ship Shackles
These shackles were used to secure African captives in the belly of ships on their Middle Passage, from Africa to the Americas. Though the trans-Atlantic slave trade was outlawed in 1808, an illegal trade continued to bring Africans to America.
AACWMI_190923_188.JPG: Bill of Sale
This Bill of Sale is for an eleven-year-old girl named Leathy. She sold for $600 in June 1834 and would have been thirty-eight years old when the Civil War began, if she was still alive.
AACWMI_190923_192.JPG: Letter of Complaint
This letter was submitted in 1854 because the newly acquired woman was too sick to perform the labor for which she was purchased. A refund was demanded because she was "defective property."
AACWMI_190923_202.JPG: To Secure the Blessings of Liberty
AACWMI_190923_204.JPG: "We will Outlive Judge Taney"
AACWMI_190923_211.JPG: Canada West, League Headquarters
AACWMI_190923_213.JPG: Canada West, League Headquarters
John Brown at League Headquarters
AACWMI_190923_216.JPG: John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry, Interior of the Engine-House, just before the gate was broken by the storming party
AACWMI_190923_221.JPG: Frederick Douglass
AACWMI_190923_225.JPG: The Last Bid for the Status Quo
AACWMI_190923_228.JPG: Electing Secession
AACWMI_190923_235.JPG: "Lincoln's Column"
AACWMI_190923_240.JPG: Lincoln, the Moderate Republican
AACWMI_190923_243.JPG: The Candidates for President Divide the National Map
AACWMI_190923_247.JPG: The Civil War Begins
A Dynasty Overthrown, A Union Dissolved
AACWMI_190923_260.JPG: Declared a War
"To Preserve the Union"
AACWMI_190923_261.JPG: Seeking the Right to Fight
AACWMI_190923_264.JPG: For Light and Liberty
AACWMI_190923_271.JPG: Slavery & the War Effort
AACWMI_190923_277.JPG: A Military and Humane Necessity
AACWMI_190923_284.JPG: Slavery and the Union
AACWMI_190923_286.JPG: Resolution for Emancipation
AACWMI_190923_288.JPG: Campaigns to Preserve the Union
AACWMI_190923_296.JPG: Arming Men of African Descent
AACWMI_190923_299.JPG: Map of the vicinity of Richmond and Peninsular Campaign in Virginia
AACWMI_190923_301.JPG: Yorktown, Va., vicinity. Headquarters of Gen. George B. McClellan, Camp Winfield Scott, May 3, 1863
AACWMI_190923_302.JPG: Waiting for Success
AACWMI_190923_303.JPG: Cumberland Landing, Va. Group of "contrabands" at Foller's House, May 1862
AACWMI_190923_306.JPG: To Save the Union
Road to Redemption
AACWMI_190923_311.JPG: Prepared to Fight
AACWMI_190923_314.JPG: Hiding in the Swamps
AACWMI_190923_317.JPG: Nicholas Biddle
AACWMI_190923_319.JPG: Road to Redemption
The Planter was a Confederate gunboat commandeered in the early morning of May 12, 1862
AACWMI_190923_321.JPG: Robert Smalls
AACWMI_190923_323.JPG: South Carolina Infantry
AACWMI_190923_329.JPG: Toward Emancipation
AACWMI_190923_330.JPG: Copy of the Final Emancipation Proclamation
Issued on January 1, 1863, the final Proclamation was greeted with great enthusiasm by America's African descent population. Not only did the President declare free slaves in states in rebellion, he also ordered is field commander to receive men of African descent into all armed services of the United States.
AACWMI_190923_333.JPG: Unidentified African Descent Soldier
The first African descent regiment was officially mustered into Federal service on September 27, 1862, five days after the Preliminary Emancipation was issued.
AACWMI_190923_336.JPG: Tactics Manual for United States Colored Troops
With thousands of African Americans enlisting in the army, the War Department published a tactics manual for United States Colored Troops.
AACWMI_190923_340.JPG: The New York Times, September 23, 1862
The New York Times reported on the "Highly Important" news of the President's Proclamation.
AACWMI_190923_348.JPG: Toward Emancipation
AACWMI_190923_353.JPG: For Liberty
The Union and Emancipation
AACWMI_190923_359.JPG: Day of Jubilee
AACWMI_190923_365.JPG: A Bloody Victory
AACWMI_190923_367.JPG: For the Union and Liberty
Taking up Arms
"Assault of the Second [First] Louisiana (Colored) Regiment on the Confederate Works at Port Hudson, May 27th, 1883."
Liberating the Enslaved
"United States Colored Troops entering Richmond, April 3rd, 1865. Reception of the troops in Main Street."
AACWMI_190923_376.JPG: Raising the Training Regiments
AACWMI_190923_379.JPG: Louisiana Native Guards
AACWMI_190923_381.JPG: Our Colored Troops -- the Line Officers of the First Louisiana Native Guards.
AACWMI_190923_383.JPG: Our Colored Troops at Work -- The First Louisiana Native Guards Disembarking at Fort Macombe, Louisiana
AACWMI_190923_385.JPG: Kansas Colored Infantry
AACWMI_190923_388.JPG: The Union's Cry for Help
AACWMI_190923_393.JPG: Raid of Second South Carolina Volunteers (Col. Montgomery) Among the Rice Plantations on the Combahee, S.C.
AACWMI_190923_396.JPG: Port Hudson
AACWMI_190923_398.JPG: Milliken's Bend
AACWMI_190923_405.JPG: A Soldier's Duties
AACWMI_190923_409.JPG: Cavalry returning to General Butler's headquarters after a raid
AACWMI_190923_411.JPG: Private James Smith
AACWMI_190923_416.JPG: From Fugitive to Soldier
Where Honor is Due
AACWMI_190923_427.JPG: Senator Henry Wilson
"The first vote"
AACWMI_190923_439.JPG: Important Work
AACWMI_190923_443.JPG: African descent soldier in Atlanta 1864
AACWMI_190923_446.JPG: Raids in North Carolina
AACWMI_190923_447.JPG: Captured Confederate Generals Edward Johnson and G.H. Steuart taken to the rear by US Colored Cavalry, May 12, 1864
AACWMI_190923_449.JPG: Unites States Colored Troops
AACWMI_190923_453.JPG: No Quarters!
AACWMI_190923_454.JPG: General John A. Logan
AACWMI_190923_458.JPG: The Bureau of United States Colored Troops was established by General Order 143 on May 22, 1863
AACWMI_190923_459.JPG: Fort Wagner
AACWMI_190923_466.JPG: The Assault on Battery Wagner, July 18. 1863
AACWMI_190923_474.JPG: Women and the War Effort
AACWMI_190923_481.JPG: Susie King Taylor
AACWMI_190923_483.JPG: Spies for Light and Liberty
AACWMI_190923_486.JPG: In the Camps
AACWMI_190923_488.JPG: On the Home Front
AACWMI_190923_491.JPG: Under Sherman & Grant
In Major Campaigns
AACWMI_190923_498.JPG: Equipment Issue
AACWMI_190923_502.JPG: The Petersburg and Richmond Campaign
AACWMI_190923_508.JPG: Capture of Fort Harrison on the Chaffin's Farm line of works, September 28, 1864
AACWMI_190923_510.JPG: Explosion of mine under the Confederate works at Petersburg, July 30, 1864
AACWMI_190923_513.JPG: Canal Digging at Dutch Gap
AACWMI_190923_516.JPG: Liberated at Last
From Washington to Brownsville
AACWMI_190923_522.JPG: April 10, 1864
Liberation of Arkansas
AACWMI_190923_523.JPG: February 18, 1865
The Cradle of Secession Falls
AACWMI_190923_525.JPG: April 3, 1865
"You've come at last"
AACWMI_190923_527.JPG: April 9, 1865
AACWMI_190923_530.JPG: April 8, 1865
March to Montgomery
AACWMI_190923_533.JPG: June 15, 1865
Liberation of Texas
AACWMI_190923_535.JPG: Serving at Sea
A Proud Tradition
AACWMI_190923_554.JPG: Sailors at War
AACWMI_190923_556.JPG: The Confederate ship Tennessee was captured in the Battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864
AACWMI_190923_558.JPG: The USS Kearsarge in battle against the USS Alabama off Cherbourg, France on June 18, 1864
AACWMI_190923_560.JPG: Sunken Confederate ships in the James River
AACWMI_190923_566.JPG: Model of the USS Monitor
AACWMI_190923_567.JPG: Model of the USS Monitor
AACWMI_190923_571.JPG: Naval Gunfire
AACWMI_190923_576.JPG: Naval Reconnaissance
AACWMI_190923_583.JPG: Mississippi River Reconnaissance for the Mississippi Squadron under Rear Admiral David Porter, Sheet 1
AACWMI_190923_588.JPG: Mississippi River Reconnaissance for the Mississippi Squadron under Rear Admiral David Porter, Sheet 2
AACWMI_190923_590.JPG: Defenders of the Constitution
Men of Honor
AACWMI_190923_597.JPG: Legacy of Freedom Fighters
Freedom For All
AACWMI_190923_601.JPG: Celebrating the 15th Amendment
AACWMI_190923_602.JPG: Scene in the House on the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, January 31, 1865
AACWMI_190923_605.JPG: President Andrew Jackson holds a leaking kettle, labeled "The Reconstructed South," towards a woman representing liberty and Columbia, carrying a baby representing the newly approved 14th Constitutional Amendment
AACWMI_190923_610.JPG: Legacy of Freedom Fighters
Temporarily in the Halls of Government
AACWMI_190923_622.JPG: The Honorable Robert Smalls
AACWMI_190923_623.JPG: The Honorable Charles Edmund Nash
AACWMI_190923_625.JPG: The Honorable Robert Brown Elliot
speaking on the floor of the House
AACWMI_190923_627.JPG: The Honorable Blanche K. Bruce
AACWMI_190923_629.JPG: The Honorable Pinckney Benton Steward Pinchback
AACWMI_190923_631.JPG: The Honorable John Mercer Langston
AACWMI_190923_633.JPG: Legislature of South Carolina
AACWMI_190923_635.JPG: Legislature of Mississippi
AACWMI_190923_639.JPG: Legacy of Freedom Fighters
From Volunteers to Regulars
AACWMI_190923_644.JPG: The famous 10th Colored Cavalry -- that climbed San Juan -- Peace Jubilee, Philadelphia
AACWMI_190923_645.JPG: The 24th US Infantry at drill, Camp Walker, Philippine Islands
AACWMI_190923_646.JPG: US Ninth Cavalry -- famous Colored Regiment -- Draws Sabers!
AACWMI_190923_648.JPG: Soldiers of the 25th Infantry, some wearing buffalo coats, Ft. Keogh, Montana
AACWMI_190923_650.JPG: General Order 18
United States Colored Troops, like all Union troops, lowered their flags to half mast in mourning after the assassination of President Lincoln.
AACWMI_190923_653.JPG: Letter from Fort Blakely
Union Engineer George P. Hunt wrote this letter dated April 16, 1865. Hunt wrote that the colored troops "showed no quarter during the first part of the fight. Those who drew down their arms begged for mercy, the colored troops thought Forrest and his command was there. The whole garrison was marched down to the landing guarded by Negro troops. Generals, Captains and all hands, they appeared to take it very hard, but there was no help for them."
AACWMI_190923_656.JPG: General Order 40
The same day the US Colored Troops stopped Lee's army at Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865), thousands participated in the Union's successful expedition against Fort Blakeley in Mobile Bay, Alabama.
AACWMI_190923_664.JPG: Legacy of Freedom Fighters
Setbacks and Accomplishments
AACWMI_190923_676.JPG: African American soldiers marching northwest of Verdun, France, 1918
AACWMI_190923_677.JPG: Unidentified African American soldier during World War I
AACWMI_190923_679.JPG: Double V Campaign
AACWMI_190923_682.JPG: Tuskegee's Freemen
AACWMI_190923_687.JPG: Tuskegee Airmen in Italy
AACWMI_190923_698.JPG: Civil Rights
AACWMI_190923_700.JPG: Plessy v. Ferguson
In the Plessy v. Ferguson Decision, the Supreme Court ruled "all citizens separate but absolutely equal," which allowed the legal segregation of the races.
AACWMI_190923_702.JPG: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the 1957 Civil Rights Act
As result of the Civil Rights activities of the 1950s, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, which created a Commission on Civil Rights.
AACWMI_190923_705.JPG: The Civil Rights Act created EEOC and outlawed employment discrimination
AACWMI_190923_709.JPG: The 1965 Voting Rights Act ordered federal registrars into former Rebel States to register Black voters.
AACWMI_190923_712.JPG: Freedom Riders
AACWMI_190923_716.JPG: Copy of Congressman John Lewis' speech at the March on Washington
John Lewis was the president of SNCC when he delivered this speech at the March on Washington.
AACWMI_190923_721.JPG: Emmett Till, a fourteen year-old, was lynched in Mississippi in August 1855. More than 70,000 mourners in Chicago and Detroit viewed his mutilated body.
The murder of Emmett Till inspired a new generation of civil rights workers. Two months later Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, and the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott began.
AACWMI_190923_729.JPG: Button from the March on Washington
AACWMI_190923_733.JPG: Toward a More Perfect Union
AACWMI_190923_734.JPG: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act, which created the Fair Housing Commission.
AACWMI_190923_737.JPG: African American Civil War Memorial Freedom Foundation
AACWMI_190923_738.JPG: Monument to honor the United States Colored Troops
AACWMI_190923_740.JPG: Dedication of the African American Civil War Memorial
AACWMI_190923_742.JPG: President Barack Obama
AACWMI_190923_744.JPG: African American College Enrollment
African American Purchasing Power
African American Voter Registration
AACWMI_190923_746.JPG: Legacy of Freedom Fighters
Civil Rights Post World War II
AACWMI_190923_751.JPG: Freedom Riders
AACWMI_190923_754.JPG: For Equality Under the Law
AACWMI_190923_755.JPG: The March on Washington
AACWMI_190923_756.JPG: March from Selma to Montgomery
AACWMI_190923_758.JPG: Organization chart for Student Non-Violent Coordinating Commitee (SNCC), 1968
[Note names in the Central Coordinating Committee section -- Hubert "Rap" Brown, Stokely Carmichael, and Fanny Lou Hamer]
AACWMI_190923_764.JPG: John Lewis
AACWMI_190923_776.JPG: America, Land of the Brave, Home of the Free
Where's the Jim Crow Section
AACWMI_190923_779.JPG: Plan for the new museum lay-out.
Wikipedia Description: African American Civil War Memorial Museum
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The African American Civil War Memorial Museum consists of a memorial and a museum that commemorate the service of 209,145 African-American soldiers and about 7,000 white and 2,145 Hispanic soldiers, amounting to nearly 220,000, plus the approximate 20,000 unsegregated Navy sailors, who fought for the Union in the American Civil War, mostly among the 175 regiments of United States Colored Troops (USCT).
The Memorial is at the corner of Vermont Avenue, 10th Street, and U Street NW in Washington, D.C.. It holds a 9-foot bronze statue, The Spirit of Freedom, by Ed Hamilton of Louisville, Kentucky, commissioned by the DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities in 1993 and completed in 1997. The memorial includes a walking area with curved panel short walls inscribed with the names of the men who served in the war.
The Museum is across the street from the Memorial, at 1925 Vermont Ave. NW. Plans are in place for it to move into the former Grimké School, at 1923 Vermont Ave. NW. As of 2018 the Museum is housed in the former gymnasium of the school, which was converted into an office building in the 1980s.
Both are served by the U Street station on the Washington Metro, served by the Yellow and Green Lines.
The museum (2011)
The related African American Civil War Museum is located directly across from the memorial at 1925 Vermont Avenue. From July 16–18, 2011, it celebrated its grand opening in a new and permanent facility at this address, with a weekend of speakers and events devoted to racial reconciliation. It plans four years of activities to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the war and African-American contributions.
The museum opened in January 1999 in a building two blocks west of the memorial in the historic U Street Corridor, a neighborhood traditionally the heart of African-American entertainment and theater in Washington. The museum enables visitors, researchers, and descendants of the United States Colored Troops to better understand their stories. It displays photographs, newspaper articles, and replicas of period clothing, and uniforms and weaponry of the Civil War.
The African American Civil War Memorial Registry at the museum documents the family trees of more than 2,000 descendants of those men who served with the USCT. Other descendants may register. Visitors can easily search the database to find ancestors and relatives registered in the Descendants Registry.
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