DC -- Library of Congress -- Exhibit (Agile): Mary Shelley's Frankenstein:
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LOCFRA_180925_001.JPG: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
Frankenreads: An International Celebration of the 200th Anniversary of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
When, in 1818 at the age of twenty, Mary Shelley published her classic Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus, she likely could not have imagined the enduring nature of what she had created nor the innumerable permutations her novel would spawn. Two hundred years later, "Frankenstein" is universally known, and children as well as adults are variously horrified or amused by the creature brought to life in a laboratory. It is perhaps the world's best-known horror story.
The Library of Congress materials relating to Shelley's novel reflect the diversity of Frankenstein adaptations. This small display, which includes one of only 500 copies of the novel's first printing (in three volumes), offers but a glimpse of the Frankenstein materials in the Library's collections.
LOCFRA_180925_014.JPG: Fine Press Edition of Frankenstein
Mary Shelley's book has also inspired modern book artists. This 1983 fine press edition from Pennyroyal Press was illustrated by printmaker Barry Moser, and typeset by Harold MacGrath, with original essays by Joyce Carol Oates and others.
At the age of 20, Mary Shelley combined Gothic and Romantic themes with recent scientific ideas to write what many consider to be the first science fiction novel. In it, the young chemist Victor Frankenstein is pursued by the creature he has created while experimenting with reanimating the dead. It was published anonymously in 1818 in three small volumes in 500 copies.
LOCFRA_180925_019.JPG: Frankenstein: Anatomy of Terror
Shelley's Frankenstein has inspired hundreds, if not thousands, of spin-offs in books, film, and the graphic arts. In this recent novel, three teenagers pursue a monster who has emerged from a movie projector and is digging up bodies from recent graves in a local cemetery.
LOCFRA_180925_024.JPG: Armed Services Edition of Frankenstein
Armed Services Editions (ASEs) were small-formal, paperback books printed by the Council on Books in Wartime, a group of publishers, authors, librarians and booksellers who wanted to contribute to the wartime effort during World War II. These books were distributed within the American military to provide entertainment to soldiers serving overseas, while also educating them about political, historical, and military issues. The slogan of the Council on Books in Wartime was, "Books are weapons in the war of ideas."
LOCFRA_180925_041.JPG: Frankenstein's Monster
Catherine Small's book looks at how Dr. Frankenstein's monster has been adapted around the world, remaining an icon of popular culture. The publication includes a portrait of Frankenstein's author, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.
LOCFRA_180925_052.JPG: Monsters and Extraterrestrials
This crafts book provides instructions for creating models of the Loch Ness monster, King Kong, a mummy, Count Dracula, and other monsters, including Frankenstein's monster.
LOCFRA_180925_055.JPG: The Unnamed Creature
The history of Frankenstein is traced, from its creation in 1818 to plays, movies (both horror and comedy), television shows, novelizations, art books and other adaptations. The name "Frankenstein" is often used to refer to the monster, even though the creature in Shelley's novel is unnamed.
LOCFRA_180925_057.JPG: Frankenstein Pop-Up Book
This horrifying pop-up spread is one of several depicting Dr. Frankenstein's monster, as "Frankenstein." The story is told in graphic novel style while retaining the spirit of the original text.
Pop-ups by David Hawcock, story by Claire Bampton, art by Anthony Williams, color by Rob Taylor.
LOCFRA_180925_079.JPG: Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)
Universal Pictures produced Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man, with Lon Chaney Jr. as the Wolf Man and Bela Lugosi as Frankenstein's monster. This film is considered the first to combine monsters in a single film, a method that is still used today. The film is the fifty in the studio's "Frankenstein" series.
LOCFRA_180925_081.JPG: The Bride of Frankenstein (1935, reissue 1953)
Many consider The Bridge of Frankenstein to be director James Whale's masterpiece, the rare sequel that is considered to be greater than the original. The title role was played by Elsa Lanchester, who also played writer Mary Shelley. Boris Karloff reprised his role as the monster, with Colin Clive reappearing as Dr. Frankenstein. The film is in the Library of Congress National Film Registry, which includes films worth of preservation for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."
LOCFRA_180925_085.JPG: Boris Karloff as Frankenstein
This still from the 1931 film features Boris Karloff as the monster and Dwight Frye as Fritz, the name that was also used for Frankenstein's assistant in later films. Frankenstein and The Bride of Frankenstein. The character called "Ygor" does not appear until 1939's Son of Frankenstein.
LOCFRA_180925_088.JPG: Original 1931 Film Copyright
In this document, Universal Studios requested return of its copyright deposit of their film with the U.S. Copyright Office in the Library of Congress on Nov. 16, 1931. James Whale directed the film starring Boris Karloff as the monster and Colin Clive as Dr. Frankenstein.
LOCFRA_180925_099.JPG: Young Frankenstein (1974)
The original classic Frankenstein has led to other classics, including Mel Brooks's comedy parody, Young Frankenstein. Gene Wilder played Dr. Frankenstein and Peter Boyle was the monster. In this film still, the monster takes his first steps. Like The Bride of Frankenstein, the film is also in the National Film Registry.
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2018 photos: Equipment this year: I continued to use my Fuji XS-1 cameras but, depending on the event, I also used a Nikon D7000.
Trips this year:
Civil War Trust conferences in Greenville, NC, Newport News, VA, and my farewell event with them in Chicago, IL (via sites in Louisville, KY, St. Louis, MO, and Toledo, OH),
three trips to New York City (including New York Comic-Con), and
my 13th consecutive trip to San Diego Comic-Con (including sites in Reno, Sacramento, San Francisco, and Los Angeles).
Number of photos taken this year: about 535,000.