DC -- Library of Congress -- Exhibit (Agile): Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing:
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LOC16S_180925_01.JPG: September 15, 1963
Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing
These selections from the Library of Congress's collections memorialize a traumatic event that took place fifty-five years ago. On September 25, 1963, four young girls, at Sunday school, were murdered by bombs planted by Ku Klux Klan members. The victims were Addie Mae Collins, Carol Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Diane Wesley.
The items on display document the climate before the bombing, the involvement of black churches, the role of children in the civil rights movement, the terror of the Ku Klux Klan, the suffering and sorrow of the community, and the courtroom drama that ensued.
LOC16S_180925_31.JPG: Black and White: The Confrontation
Theophilus Eugene "Bull" Connor (1897-1973), Birmingham's Commissioner of Public Safety, controlled the police and fire departments for more than twenty-five years. He networked with Ku Klux Klan. "Bull" Connor's leadership helped create a climate that led to the horrendous church bombing that resulted in the murder of the four little girls, and later the same day the murder of two young black boys. The books shown here discuss the confrontation between Shuttlesworth and Connor, and the origins of the Klan.
LOC16S_180925_33.JPG: "A Call for Calmness and Restraint"
Nine days before the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church, the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights issued a press release outlining strategies for the black population's response to the racial crisis in Birmingham. Rev. Shuttlesworth asserted that "we have come this far by faith -- not by violence." His press release listed six ways that "Negroes can contribute to calmness and a peaceful atmosphere in the days immediately ahead." Despite immeasurable efforts undertaken by the black community to "overcome evil with good." The Klan bombed the church and killed four little girls. Later that same day, two young black boys were also murdered.
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2018 photos: Equipment this year: I continued to use my Fuji XS-1 cameras but, depending on the event, I also used a Nikon D7000.
Trips this year:
Civil War Trust conferences in Greenville, NC, Newport News, VA, and my farewell event with them in Chicago, IL (via sites in Louisville, KY, St. Louis, MO, and Toledo, OH),
three trips to New York City (including New York Comic-Con), and
my 13th consecutive trip to San Diego Comic-Con (including sites in Reno, Sacramento, San Francisco, and Los Angeles).
Number of photos taken this year: about 535,000.