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SFPRES_180714_009.JPG: Music in the Military: Presidio Band Barracks
The building to the right was a band barracks, Music kept the Army marchers in step, rallied troops in battle, enhanced ceremonies and solemnized burials. Each day at the Presidio began at 6 a.m. with the boom of a cannon and a bugle sounding a rousing wake-up reveille. At 5 p.m. the cannon boomed again and the bugler sounded post retreat.
Band barracks were usually smaller and more comfortable than standard barracks. Building 106 and Building 100 were both band barracks and "bookend" the five large Montgomery Street barracks. This barracks housed 37 musicians. It was built in 1909 in the Georgian Revival Style with Tuscan columns based on plans from the Office of the Quartermaster in Washington. From 1922 to 1941, this was the home of the Regimental Band of the 30th Infantry.
Over hill, over dale
As we hit the dusty trail,
And the caissons go rolling along,
In and out, hear them shout,
Counter march and right about,
And the caissons go rolling along.
"The Caissons Go Rolling Along" World War I song (caissons are ammunition wagons)
Daily Bugle Calls
06:30 Mess call
08:00 Sick call
09:00 Assembly or Guard detail
12:00 Mess call
16:15 Recall (from Fatigue)
17:00 Retreat and Roll call
21:00 Tattoo - Roll call and Taps (extinguish lights)
Lodge at the Presidio
SFPRES_180714_031.JPG: Infantry Row
Presidio San Francisco
Home of the
30th U.S. Infantry Regiment
"San Francisco's Own"
SFPRES_180714_042.JPG: Montgomery Street Barracks
In the years between the Civil War (1861-1864 [sic]) and the Spanish-American War (1898), the health of the army improved drastically. The new concern for soldiers' well-being, the emphasis on sanitation, which became realizable in the new buildings at the larger posts; the new recreation and athletic facilities - all contributed to a healthier and more cheerful environment.
-- Edward M. Coffman, The Old Army: A Portrait of the American Army in Peacetime, 1784-1898
As the Indian Wars wound down by 1890, the Army closed frontier posts across the West and redeployed troops. The Presidio, with nearby rail and ship transport, was an ideal place to locate soldiers who could be quickly dispatched across the West or the Pacific.
These five large barracks, built in 1895-97, were the first brick buildings at the formerly all-wood Main Post. Each of these U-shaped barracks housed two companies of 109 men each. All five barracks had company offices, large day rooms for relaxation, mess halls and kitchens on their second floor. Latrines and showers were in the basement.
SFPRES_180714_052.JPG: Presidio Theatre Comes Back to Life
SFPRES_180714_069.JPG: Pershing Square:
Some of the Presidio's highest-ranking officers lived in houses on the site of Pershing Square -- until 1915, when disaster struck. On the night of August 27, 1915, fire ravaged the home of Brigadier General John J. Pershing, killing his wife and three daughters.
The Army did not rebuilt the house, and eventually dedicated this area as Pershing Square -- a memorial to the Pershing family. For more than four decades, the boom of cannon and the lowering of the flag here at 5:00pm have signaled the end of the workday on the Presidio.
The flagstaff (below) stands near the site of Pershing's home. Since 1951, this area has been the ceremonial heart of the Presidio.
John J Pershing, with his family. Only his son, at right, survived the fire of 1915. General Pershing would go on to command the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I.
SFPRES_180714_076.JPG: Outpost of an Empire:
You are near what was the northwest corner of the Spanish Presidio (1776). For almost fifty years, a walled-in cluster of adobe buildings served as the northernmost outpost of Spain's New World colonies. From this site and the Spanish mission three miles away, the city of San Francisco would eventually develop.
The Spanish garrison here protected Spanish land and regulated ship traffic into the bay until Mexico took control of this territory in 1822. Duty was never easy. Unreliable supply lines left the soldiers constantly wanting. Rain eroded and earthquakes fractured the adobe walls. When the Americans occupied the post in 1846, they found a dilapidated post "crumbling for want of care."
SFPRES_180714_083.JPG: This tablet marks the north-west corner of the original Presidio of San Francisco founded by the Spaniards under Lieutenant Moraga
September 17, 1776
Placed by the California Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution
SFPRES_180714_086.JPG: Archaeological work
SFPRES_180714_096.JPG: Dedicated to the memory of
General of the Armies
John J. Pershing
This flagpole marks the site of the
quarters occupied by General Pershing
SFPRES_180714_105.JPG: Archaeological work
SFPRES_180714_108.JPG: The Presidio of San Francisco
has been designated a
Registered National Historic Landmark
Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States.
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
SFPRES_180714_127.JPG: Relocated from the Bessie Carmichael School (originally Columbia Square) in July 1973 with the advice and consent of the San Francisco Board of Education and with the assistance of the Honorable Trinidad Alconcel, Consul General, Republic of the Philippines and the Philippine Community of San Francisco.
AAA "Gem": AAA considers this location to be a "must see" point of interest. To see pictures of other areas that AAA considers to be Gems, click here.
Wikipedia Description: Presidio of San Francisco
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Presidio of San Francisco (originally, El Presidio Real de San Francisco or Royal Presidio of San Francisco) is a park on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in the City and County of San Francisco. It is operated by the National Park Service of the United States as a part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. The largest area "Main Post" is managed by the Presidio Trust, a congressionally chartered nonprofit organization. The park is characterized by many wooded areas, hills, and scenic vistas overlooking the San Francisco Bay.
The Presidio was recognized by Congress as a National Historic Landmark District, the highest historic designation that can be given in the U.S. This designation is given to a collection of structures and their related landscape which have nationally important historical integrity. The Presidio Trust Act calls for "preservation of the cultural and historic integrity of the Presidio for public use." The Act also requires that the Presidio Trust be financially self-sufficient by 2013. The result of these two imperatives are conflicts between maximizing income by leasing historic buildings, permitting public use despite most structures being rented privately, and preservation of the integrity of the National Historic Landmark District by maintaining the historic "sense of place" despite new construction, competing pressures for natural habitat restoration, and requirements for commercial purposes that impede public access. As of 2007, there was only a rudimentary visitors' center to orient visitors to the Presidio's history.
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