DC -- Smithsonian Gardens: Enid A. Haupt Garden @ Smithsonian Castle:
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- SIHG_170101_001.JPG: Yinka Shonibare MBE
Wind Sculpture VII, 2016
Like a ship's sail, Wind Sculpture VII appears to blow in the wind. Its vibrant pattern refers to textiles based on Indonesian batiks, produced in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, and closely tied to African identity. Learn more inside or visit africa.si.edu/windsculpture
- SIHG_170101_021.JPG: Built above an underground museum complex, the Haupt Garden is actually a rooftop garden. As such, the limited soil depth and the protection provided by the surrounding museums create a climate milder than is typical of the region.
- SIHG_170101_025.JPG: The pillars of the Renwick Gallery were based on this 1849 drawing by James Renwick Jr., the architect of the Smithsonian Castle. They were constructed in the 1980s from the same kind of sandstone that was used to build the Castle.
- SIHG_170101_032.JPG: Enid A. Haupt Garden:
A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding museums.
(1) The Moongate Garden, next to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, draws design inspiration from the Temple of Heaven, a 15th-century religious complex in China.
(2) The Victorian-style parterre extended the Castle's grand welcome through an expansive lawn and format plantings.
(3) The Fountain Garden, located beside the National Museum of African Art, was modeled after the Alhambra, a 14th-century Moorish palace and fortress in Spain.
The landscape design was a collaborative effort of Jean Paul Carlhian, FAIA, of Shepley Bulfinch Richardson and Abbott; Sasaki Associates, Inc.; and Lester Collins, FASLA.
- SIHG_170101_056.JPG: The Moongate Garden
The Moongate Garden was inspired by architectural and symbolic elements found in the Temple of Heaven, a masterpiece of Chinese architecture and landscape design built in Beijing during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Now included on UNESCO's World Heritage List, the circular structures that comprise the Temple of Heaven represent heaven (God's world), while square foundations and axes symbolize earth (the human world).
The forms of circle and square (representing heaven and earth, respectively) are evident throughout the Moongate Garden. At the center, an island of granite is surrounded by a black granite pool. A stylized version of the circle and square motif is also repeated in the two nine-foot-tall pink granite moongates and the granite seating areas that define the corners of the garden.
- SIHG_170101_101.JPG: The Fountain Garden
The Fountain Garden is modeled after the Court of Lions at the Alhambra, a 14th-century Moorish palace and fortress in Granada, Spain, now included on UNESCO's World Heritage List. (Moor is a general term for North American Muslims who conquered Spain in the 8th century.) The legendary Court features a chahar bagh -- a Persian term meaning "four gardens" -- pattern of four quadrants formed by water channels that meet at a central fountain.
The Fountain Garden suggests a walled paradise, an important concept in early Persian and Islamic garden design. Water channels on top of the low walls around the central fountain represent the four rivers of paradise (water, wine, honey, milk), while the bubbling center jet symbolizes eternity. At the garden's north end, a "veil" of water cascades down a carved stone wall.
- SIHG_170101_125.JPG: Spencer Fullerton Baird
Second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
Pioneer in American Natural History
- SIHG_170101_150.JPG: Before the National Air and Space Museum opened in 1976, aviation collections were displayed in and around the Arts & Industries Building. Rocket Row became a landmark along the building's west side.
- Wikipedia Description: Enid A. Haupt Garden
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Enid A. Haupt Garden is a 4.2 acre public garden in the Smithsonian complex, adjacent to the Smithsonian Castle on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. It was designed to be a modern representation of American Victorian gardens as they appeared in the mid to late 19th century. It replaced an existing Victorian Garden which had been built to celebrate the nation's Bicentennial in 1976.
The garden opened on May 21, 1987 as part of the redesigned Castle quadrangle. It is named for Enid A. Haupt, who provided the $3 million endowment which financed its construction and maintenance. Initially approached with a request that she finance a small Zen garden within the quadrangle, after a review of the plans Haupt said that she was "not interested in putting money into a Zen garden...I'm only interested in financing the whole thing."
The quadrangle redesign project and the Smithsonian Gardens more broadly were part of the vision of the eighth Secretary of the Smithsonian, S. Dillon Ripley, who felt that the museum experience should extend beyond the museums' buildings into the outdoor spaces.
The landscape design of the Garden featured the collaborative efforts of architect Jean Paul Carlhian, principal in the Boston firm of Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson and Abbott; Lester Collins, a landscape architect from Millbrook, New York; Sasaki Associates Inc. of Watertown, Massachusetts; and James R. Buckler, founding director of the Smithsonian's Office of Horticulture.
The central feature of the garden is a symmetrically patterned parterre, flanked by the Moongate Garden to the west and the Fountain Garden to the east. The parterre measures 144 feet long by 66 feet wide; the low-growing plants that fill out the series of diamonds, fleurs-de-lis, and scallops or swags that make up the design are changed every six months, typically in September and May.
Other notable design features include saucer and tulip magnolias, brick walkways, and historical cast-iron garden furnishings from the Smithsonian Gardens' Garden Furniture Collection.
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