Natl Archives -- Sam Rushay [via Skype?] ("Truman Doctrine and the Origins of the Cold War"):
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Description of Pictures: The Truman Doctrine and the Origins of the Cold War
Sam Rushay, supervisory archivist at the Harry S. Truman Library, will discuss the historical significance of the Truman Doctrine in observation of its 70th anniversary. Presentation materials available at www.archives.gov/calendar/know-your-records.
The discussion was done by remote connection and the on-site moderator was Andrea Matney, from the National Archives.
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Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
RUSHAY_170419_012.JPG: Andrea Matney
RUSHAY_170419_074.JPG: The Truman Doctrine
RUSHAY_170419_086.JPG: King Paul of Greece
RUSHAY_170419_095.JPG: Greek home and school after World War II
RUSHAY_170419_104.JPG: Bulgarian church
RUSHAY_170419_107.JPG: Greek insurgents
RUSHAY_170419_123.JPG: Diplomat George Keenan's Views
* Long Telegram of 1946 said Russian leaders historically had "neurotic" worldview.
* X Article: "The main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be a long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies."
* He criticized tone of early draft of Truman Doctrine, which contained excess "rhetoric".
* Soviet threat primarily economic and psychological, more than military.
RUSHAY_170419_139.JPG: Clifford-Elsey report of 1946: American Relations with the Soviet Union
* Soviet hope for troop withdrawals from Greece so they can set up a "friendly" government there. Turkey would become a puppet state and springboard for Soviet domination in the region.
RUSHAY_170419_165.JPG: White House Meeting on February 27, 1947:
* Under Secretary of State Dean Acheson said Greece was "the rotten apple that would infect the whole barrel."
RUSHAY_170419_173.JPG: US-British Relations
* On February 21, 1947 the British announced that they could no longer bear the burden of maintaining economic and military support for Greece and Turkey.
* British Ambassador, Lord Inverchapel, shakes hands with President Truman in photo on right.
RUSHAY_170419_180.JPG: President Truman addresses Congress on March 12, 1947
RUSHAY_170419_194.JPG: President Pro Tem Arthur Vandenberg (center) and Speaker of the House Joseph Martin (on right).
RUSHAY_170419_198.JPG: Loyalty Review Board
Executive Order 9835, issued March 21, 1947:
* Required full-scale loyalty investigations of new federal employees
* Required agencies and departments to set up procedures to verify loyalty of existing employees.
* 400-1200 employees were dismissed and 1000-6000 resigned out of about 2.5 million government workers.
RUSHAY_170419_214.JPG: Dean Acheson (on right), Warren Austin (center), March 25, 1947
RUSHAY_170419_215.JPG: President Truman signs Greek-Turkish aid bill, May 22, 1947
RUSHAY_170419_222.JPG: Greece and Turkey join NATO in 1952
RUSHAY_170419_234.JPG: Harry Truman's View of Truman Doctrine Legacy:
* In a 1965 newspaper article for the North American Newspaper Alliance, he compared American's [sic] role in Vietnam to the aid program for Greece in 1947.
RUSHAY_170419_244.JPG: President Reagan's Statement on the 40th Anniversary of the Truman Doctrine:
* "The Truman doctrine was rooted in a fundamental assumption a [as] true now as in 1947: A healthy democracy in the United States requires strong democratic partners in the world."
RUSHAY_170419_251.JPG: President George W. Bush's Comment on Occasion of Greek Independence Day:
* "Like democracy itself, the Truman Doctrine grew out of the [???] on a experience of the Greek people and affirmed the desire for fre [???] for all people -- not just a handful, not just some, but for all."
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