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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
SINZBI_160527_06.JPG: Are They Bison or Buffalo?
Depends on whom you ask. Scientifically, American bison are not buffalo; true "buffalo" are only found in Africa. Culturally, the names bison and buffalo are both correct. When European explorers first came to North America, they called the giant creatures a variety of names -- including bisonte, buffes, and buffies. As our culture developed, the name buffalo stuck. Today, both names are accepted.
SINZBI_160527_22.JPG: American Bison
No one knows just how big a single bison herd used to be, but estimates are anywhere from 4-12 million individuals.
Bison are highly social animals, today living in herds of thousands. Adult males, called bulls, are more solitary and join herds during the breeding season. Female bison -- cows -- typically give birth to one calf a year. Bison calves have reddish hair at birth; the dark brown hair doesn't fully emerge until they are about four months old.
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Description of Subject Matter: American Bison
August 30, 2014 – Permanent
See American bison—the animal that inspired the founding of the National Zoo. Learn about the significant role bison played in our nation's history and the efforts taken to bring the species back from the brink of extinction.
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2016 photos: Equipment this year: I continued to use my Fuji XS-1 cameras but, depending on the event, I also used a Nikon D7000.
Seven relatively short trips this year:
two Civil War Trust conference (Gettysburg, PA and West Point, NY, with a side-trip to New York City),
my 11th consecutive San Diego Comic-Con trip (including sites in Utah, Nevada, and California),
a quick trip to Michigan for Uncle Wayne's funeral,
two additional trips to New York City, and
a Civil Rights site trip to Alabama during the November elections. Being in places where people died to preserve the rights of minority voters made the Trumputin election even more depressing.
Number of photos taken this year: just over 610,000.
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