CA -- Los Angeles -- Getty Center -- Painting (Religious):
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GCENPR_150707_011.JPG: Italian Paintings
The paintings in this gallery represent a turning point in the history of Western European art. Religious themes continued to dominate in this period but painting on wooden panels was a major innovation. Artists in Western Europe turned to the Byzantine tradition for inspiration and adopted its gold backgrounds, schematized settings, and stylized approach to the human form. However, these artists also observed the natural world, demonstrating a new attention to human emotion and realistic detail. These developments can be seen in large church altarpieces and in smaller panels used for personalized devotion.
GCENPR_150707_032.JPG: European Paintings
The works displayed in this gallery continue the tradition of images made to serve the devotional needs of Catholic worshippers. As visual accompaniments to the Mass, the paintings were intended to transport the thoughts of the faithful from the everyday material world to the spiritual realm. The gold backgrounds evoke the heavenly domain. As artists became interested in making the sacred stories and figures more lifelike, they gradually abandoned the gold of heaven for the landscapes and interiors of the real world.
GCENPR_150707_037.JPG: The Coronation of the Virgin, about 1420
Gentile da Fabriano
GCENPR_150707_048.JPG: The Story of Joseph, about 1485
GCENPR_150707_055.JPG: Saint James Major, the Madonna and Child, and Various Saints, 1490
GCENPR_150707_064.JPG: The Madonna Adoring the Child with Musical Angels, about 1500-1510
GCENPR_150707_072.JPG: The Meeting of the Three Kings, with David and Isaiah, before 1480
The Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece
GCENPR_150707_078.JPG: The Assumption of the Virgin, before 1480
The Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece
GCENPR_150707_086.JPG: Madonna and Child with Two Hermit Saints, about 1480
GCENPR_150707_091.JPG: The Miraculous Communion of Saint Catherine of Seina, about 1513-15
Domenico Beccafumi (Dominico di Giacomo di Pace)
GCENPR_150707_095.JPG: The Madonna and Child with a Male Saint, Catherine of Alexandria, and a Donor, about 1496
Michelangelo di Pietro Membrini (Master of the Lathrop Tondo)
GCENPR_150707_101.JPG: Saint Catherine of Siena Receiving the Stigmata, about 1513-15
Domenico Beccafumi (Domenico di Giacomo di Pace)
GCENPR_150707_105.JPG: Madonna and Child, about 1490-1500
Workshop of Lorenzo di Credi (Lorenzo d'Andrea d'Oderigo)
GCENPR_150707_111.JPG: The Rest on the Flight into Egypt with Saint John the Baptist, about 1509
Fra Bartholommeo (Baccio della Porta)
GCENPR_150707_120.JPG: Head of Christ, about 1525-30
Correggio (Antonio Allegri)
GCENPR_150707_122.JPG: Portrait of a Young Man in Red, about 1505
Circle of Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio)
GCENPR_150707_126.JPG: Madonna and Child with Saint Anne in a Landscape, between 1508/10-1513
Workshop of Leonardo da Vinci
GCENPR_150707_133.JPG: Christ Carrying the Cross, about 1495-1500
Attributed to Marco d'Oggiono
GCENPR_150707_145.JPG: The Temptation of Saint Anthony, 1570s
GCENPR_150707_151.JPG: The Penitent Magdalene, 1560s
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
GCENPR_150707_158.JPG: The Madonna and Child with Two Donors, about 1525-30
GCENPR_150707_161.JPG: Christ on the Cross, about 1600
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
GCENPR_150707_165.JPG: The Baptism of Christ, about 1580-88
Veronese (Paolo Caliari) and Workshop
GCENPR_150707_174.JPG: Saint Mary Magdalene at the Sepulcher, 1530s
Giovanni Girolamo Savoldo
GCENPR_150707_179.JPG: Saint George, about 1513-15
Dosso Dossi (Giovanni di Niccolo de Lutero)
GCENPR_150707_184.JPG: The Holy Family with Saints Anne, Catherine of Alexandria, and Mary Magdalene, 1560s
Il Nosadella (Giavanni Francesco Bezzi)
GCENPR_150707_189.JPG: Portrait of Pope Clement VII, about 1531
Sebastiano del Piombo (Sebastiano Luciani)
GCENPR_150707_196.JPG: Madonna and Child in a Window, about 1485-90
GCENPR_150707_209.JPG: The Miraculous Draught of Fishes, 1563
GCENPR_150707_215.JPG: The Holy Family, about 1507-08
GCENPR_150707_220.JPG: The Pieta, about 1490-1500
Circle of Fernando Gallego
GCENPR_150707_225.JPG: The Crucifixion, before 1450
The Dreux Bude Master, possibly Andre d'Ypres
GCENPR_150707_232.JPG: The Annunciation, about 1450-55
GCENPR_150707_238.JPG: The Deposition, about 1490
Follower of Rogier van der Weyden
GCENPR_150707_242.JPG: The Dream of Pope Sergius, 1440s
Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden
GCENPR_150707_247.JPG: The Adoration of the Magi, about 1500
GCENPR_150707_250.JPG: The Virgin Mary with Saints Thomas Aquinas and Paul, about 1330
GCENPR_150707_256.JPG: The Chiarito Tabernacle, 1340s
Pacino di Bonaguida
GCENPR_150707_262.JPG: The Madonna and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist, about 1630-32
GCENPR_150707_265.JPG: The Way to Calvary, about 1610
Demonichino (Domenico Zampieri)
GCENPR_150707_270.JPG: Lot and His Daughters, about 1622
GCENPR_150707_275.JPG: The Shade of Samuel Invoked by Saul, about 1650-56
GCENPR_150707_280.JPG: Joseph and Potiphar's Wife, about 1630
GCENPR_150707_284.JPG: The Vision of Saint Bruno, about 1660
Pier Francesco Mola
GCENPR_150707_291.JPG: The Vision of Saint Francis of Paola, about 1670
Bartolome Esteban Murillo
GCENPR_150707_299.JPG: Christ Cleansing the Temple, about 1655
GCENPR_150707_303.JPG: Moses and the Messengers from Canaan, 1622-24
GCENPR_150707_313.JPG: Christ and the Adulteress, 1620s
Valentin de Boulogne
GCENPR_150707_316.JPG: Christ Crowned with Thorns, about 1620
Gerrit van Honthorst
GCENPR_150707_320.JPG: Saint Sebastian Thrown into the Cloaca Maxima, 1612
GCENPR_150707_326.JPG: The Martyrdom of Saint Andrew, 1646-47
Charles Le Brun
GCENPR_150707_329.JPG: The Entombment, about 1612
Peter Paul Rubens
GCENPR_150707_337.JPG: The Sermon on the Mount, 1598
Jan Brueghel the Elder
GCENPR_150707_341.JPG: Saint Sebastian Tended by an Angel, about 1630-32
Anthony van Dyck
GCENPR_150707_349.JPG: The Apostle Simon, about 1618
Anthony van Dyck
GCENPR_150707_353.JPG: The Miracles of Saint Francis of Paola, about 1627-28
Peter Paul Rubens
GCENPR_150707_363.JPG: Portrait of Pope Gregory XV, about 1622-23
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)
GCENPR_150707_367.JPG: Landscape with the Temptation of Saint Anthony, 1617
GCENPR_150707_372.JPG: The Stoning of Saint Stephen, 1632
GCENPR_150707_381.JPG: Saint John the Evangelist, 1625-28
GCENPR_150707_386.JPG: The Adoration of the Shepherds, about 1658
GCENPR_150707_398.JPG: The Resurrection, 1612
GCENPR_150707_404.JPG: The Angel Appearing to Elijah, about 164-44
GCENPR_150707_408.JPG: Saint Bartholomew, 1661
Rembrandt Harmensz, van Rijn
GCENPR_150707_412.JPG: The Banquet of Ahasuerus, 1680s
Aert de Gelder
GCENPR_150707_416.JPG: The Immaculate Conception, about 1730
GCENPR_150707_421.JPG: Christ in Glory with Saints Celsus, Julian, Marcionilla, and Basilissa, 1736-37
GCENPR_150707_425.JPG: The Exaltation of the Cross, about 1680
Juan de Valdes Leal
GCENPR_150707_430.JPG: The Holy Family, about 1820
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Wikipedia Description: Getty Center
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Getty Center, in Brentwood, Los Angeles, California, is one of two locations of the J. Paul Getty Museum. The museum's permanent collection includes "pre-20th-century European paintings, drawings, illuminated manuscripts, sculpture, and decorative arts; and 19th- and 20th-century American and European photographs". Among the works on display is the painting Irises by Vincent van Gogh.
The Center, which opened on December 16, 1997, is also well known for its architecture, gardens, and views (overlooking Los Angeles). Besides the Museum, the Center's buildings house the Getty Research Institute, the Getty Conservation Institute, the Getty Foundation, and the administrative offices of the J. Paul Getty Trust, which owns and operates the Center.
Location and history:
The purchase of the land upon which the Center is located -- a campus of 24 acres (97,000 m2) on a 110-acre (0.45 km2) site in the Santa Monica Mountains above Interstate 405, surrounded by 600 acres (2.4 km2) kept in a natural state -- was announced in 1983. The top of the hill is 900 feet (270 m) above I-405, high enough that on a clear day it is possible to see not only the Los Angeles skyline but also the San Bernardino Mountains to the east as well as the Pacific Ocean to the west.
In 1984, Richard Meier was chosen to be the architect of the Center. After an extensive conditional-use permit process, construction began in August 1989.
The construction was significantly delayed, with the planned completion date moved from 1988 to 1995 (as of 1990). By 1995, however, the campus was described as only "more than halfway complete".
The Center finally opened to the public on December 16, 1997. Although the total project cost was estimated to be $350 million as of 1990, it was later estimated to be $1.3 billion.
Richard Meier has exploited the two naturally occurring ridges (which diverge at a 22.5 degree angle) by overlaying two grids along these axes. These grids serve to define the space of the campus while dividing the import of the buildings on it. Along one axis lie the galleries and along the other axis lie the administrative buildings. The primary grid structure is a 30-inch (760 mm) square; most wall and floor elements are 30-inch (760 mm) squares or some derivative thereof.
The buildings at the Getty Center are made from concrete and steel with either travertine or aluminium cladding.
Throughout the campus, numerous fountains provide white noise as a background. The initial design has remained intact, however benches and fences have been installed around the plaza fountains to discourage visitors from wading into the pools. Some additional revisions have been made in deference to the Americans with Disabilities Act.
The north promontory is anchored by a circular grass area which serves as a heliport in case of emergencies, and the south promontory is anchored by a succulent plant and cactus garden.
The museum has a seven-story deep underground parking garage with over 1,200 parking spaces. An automated three-car, cable-pulled tram takes passengers to and from the museum.
The collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum on display at the Getty Center includes "pre-20th-century European paintings, drawings, illuminated manuscripts, sculpture, and decorative arts; and 19th- and 20th-century American and European photographs". The paintings include:
* Arii Matamoe (The Royal End) by Paul Gauguin (1892). The Museum's director, Michael Brand, stated that the purchase of the painting was “one of the key moments in the history of our collection”. The literal translation of the Tahitian words of the title are "noble" and "sleeping eyes," which implies "death".
* Irises by Vincent Van Gogh (1889). The Museum purchased the painting in 1990; it had sold for $53.9 million in 1987.
* Portrait of a Halberdier by Pontormo (1528-1530). When the Museum bought the painting for $35.2 million at an auction in 1989, "the price more than tripled the previous record at auction for an Old Master painting".
* A copy of Portrait of Louis XIV, which measures 114 x 62-5/8 inches, by the workshop of Hyacinthe Rigaud (after 1701).
The five museum buildings, called pavilions, are North, East, South, West and the Exhibitions Pavilion. The Exhibitions Pavilion acts as the temporary residence for traveling art collections and the Foundation's artwork for which the permanent pavilions have no room. The permanent collection is displayed throughout the other four pavilions chronologically: the North houses the oldest art while the West houses the newest. The first-floor galleries house light-sensitive art, such as illuminated manuscripts, furniture, or photography. Computer-controlled skylights on the second floor galleries allow paintings to be displayed in natural light. The second floors are connected by a series of glass-enclosed bridges and open terraces, both of which offer views of the surrounding hillsides and central plaza.
The 134,000-square-foot (12,400 m2) Central Garden at the Getty Center is the work of artist Robert Irwin. Planning for the garden began in 1992, construction started in 1996, and the garden was completed in December 1997.
Irwin was quoted as saying that the Central Garden "is a sculpture in the form of a garden, which aims to be art". A tree-lined walkway descends to a plaza, while water in a stream criss-crosses the walkway, continues through the plaza, and goes over a stone waterfall into a round pool. A maze of azaleas floats in the pool, around which is a series of specialty gardens. More than 500 varieties of plant material are used for the Central Garden, but the selection is "always changing, never twice the same".
Getty Research Institute (GRI):
The Getty Research Institute (GRI) is "dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts". Among other holdings, GRI's research library contains over 900,000 volumes of books, periodicals, and auction catalogs; special collections; and two million photographs of art and architecture. GRI's other activities include exhibitions, publications, and a residential scholars program. At the Getty Center, GRI is located to the west of the museum.
Getty Conservation Institute (GCI):
The Getty Conservation Institute (GCI), which is headquartered at the Getty Center but also has facilities at the Getty Villa, commenced operation in 1985. It "serves the conservation community through scientific research, education and training, model field projects, and the dissemination of the results of both its own work and the work of others in the field" and "adheres to the principles that guide the work of the Getty Trust: service, philanthropy, teaching, and access". GCI has activities in both art conservation and architectural conservation. Its offices are north of the museum.
The Getty Foundation awards grants for "the understanding and preservation of the visual arts". In addition, it runs the Getty Leadership Institute for "current and future museum leaders". Its offices are north of the museum.
J. Paul Getty Trust:
The J. Paul Getty Trust oversees the Getty Conservation Institute, Getty Foundation, Getty Research Institute, and J. Paul Getty Museum. Its offices are north of the museum.
Preparation for natural disasters:
Although the Center's site was thought to have little motion during earthquakes which are frequent in the Los Angeles area, in 1994, as the Center was being constructed, the Northridge earthquake struck. It caused "disturbing hairline cracks... in the welds and plated joints of the steel framework". As a result, the steelwork through the site was retrofitted. The Center's buildings are thought to be able to survive an earthquake of 7.5 magnitude on the Richter scale.
A number of measures were or are taken to help prevent fires at the Center, including:
* In the 16 electrical transformers at the Center, silicone fluid is used as a coolant "with less risk of ignition" than hydrocarbon coolant.
* The native flammable chaparral was removed and fire-resistant poverty weed was added to the slopes around the Center.
* Each year, a herd of goats is rented to clear brush on the surrounding hills.
A number of other measures help to suppress any fires that might occur or to prevent damage from them, including:
* At the north end of the Center, a tank with a million gallons of water, together with a grass-covered helipad, allow helicopters to collect water.
* The access ramp from the entry plaza to the museum was constructed to allow a fire truck to pass over it.
* Inside the museum, the sprinkler system is designed to balance "between the potential damage of a fire and the risk of water damage to valuable artwork"/
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