PA -- Gettysburg Natl Battlefield -- Visitor Center:
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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
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Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
GETVC_130705_09.JPG: Gettysburg Showdown
Learning of the approach of the Union army through Maryland the Confederate army canceled its effort to capture Harrisburg and began to concentrate toward Gettysburg in preparation for a showdown battle. The events of that battle forms the treasure chest of offerings at Gettysburg National Military Park.
After the battle the Confederate army retreated along different roads through Adams County. The pursuit by Union cavalry sparked several engagements, including a fierce skirmish at Monterey Pass, in the small community of Blue Ridge Summit near the border of Franklin and Adams county.
In a matter of three days, 165,000 troops converged on the small community of Gettysburg. By July 4, as the armies retreated, they left behind 22,000 injured soldiers (out of the 51,000 total human casualties), thousands of dead horses, ravaged fields, undrinkable water and little to no food. Gettysburg, a town of 2,400, found that every farm field was a graveyard and churches, public buildings, and even private homes were hospitals. Well past the date of President Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, men like Basil Biggs were still assisting moving slain soldiers to proper burials. It would be years before the southern soldiers' families made their way to Gettysburg to take their husbands, sons, and brothers home. This small southern Pennsylvania community would never be the same - for in those three hot days in July 1863, Gettysburg became the "High Water Mark of the Confederacy" and the turning point of the Civil War.
GETVC_130705_11.JPG: Gettysburg July 1863
Faces of the Young
"in our youth our hearts were touched with fire"
Humiston Children: This was the picture that Amos Humiston, 154th New York Infantry, clutched to his chest as he lay dying north of town on July 1. Frank, Alice, and Frederick Humiston would soon represent the plight of orphans across the nation.
Albertus McCreary: Fifteen-year-old Albertus was a typical Gettysburg boy; he even had a Union soldier's hat. Because of that, Confederate soldiers almost took him prisoner, until his father pleaded for his release, claiming that he was "only a school boy."
Tillie Pierce: Gettysburg resident Tillie Pierce was 15 years old at the time of the battle. She fled her home in town to get away from the dangers of battle, only to end up working as a nurse and caring for wounded and dying soldiers outside of town at the Jacob Welkert farm.
Leander Warren: Unprecedented destruction was one of the effects of the battle. Young Gettysburg resident Leander Warren (pictured later in life) volunteered to assist in the cleanup process. Every day for weeks, Leander transported the coffins of dead Union soldiers in his wagon to the National Cemetery for burial.
Tad Lincoln: (Seated Right) Tad was the youngest son of President Abraham Lincoln. In November 1863, Tad became gravely ill. Though wishing to stay at home and help care for his son, President Lincoln traveled here to Gettysburg to deliver a "few appropriate remarks" at the dedication ceremony of a national cemetery.
Sumner Paine: Sumner's family was very patriotic and dedicated to the preservation of the United States; his great grandfather had even signed the Declaration of Independence. Sumner died at the age of 18 on July 3 as he and the 20th Massachusetts defended Cemetery Ridge during Pickett's Charge.
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Wikipedia Description: Gettysburg Battlefield
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Gettysburg Battlefield was the site of the Battle of Gettysburg, fought July 1 to July 3, 1863, in and around the borough of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the county seat of Adams County, which had approximately 2,400 residents at the time. It is now the site of two historic landmarks: Gettysburg National Military Park and the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
Battlefield in 1863:
The town was the center of a road network that connected ten nearby Pennsylvania and Maryland towns, including well-maintained turnpikes to Chambersburg, York, and Baltimore, so was a natural concentration point for the large armies that descended upon it.
To the northwest, a series of low, parallel ridges lead to the towns of Cashtown and Chambersburg. Seminary Ridge, closest to Gettysburg, is named for the Lutheran Theological Seminary on its crest. Farther out are McPherson's Ridge, Herr's Ridge, and eventually South Mountain. Oak Ridge, a northward extension of Seminary Ridge, is capped by Oak Hill, a site for artillery that commanded a good area north of the town.
Directly south of the town is Cemetery Hill, at 503 feet (153 m) above sea level, a gentle 80 foot (24 m) slope above downtown. The hill is named for the Evergreen (civilian) cemetery on its crest; the famous military cemetery dedicated by Abraham Lincoln now shares the hill. Adjacent, due east, is Culp's Hill, of similar height, divided by a slight saddle into two recognizable hills, heavily wooded, and more rugged. Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill were subjected to assaults throughout the battle by Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps.
Extending south from Cemetery Hill is a slight elevation known as Cemetery Ridge, although the term ridge is rather extravagant; it is generally only about 40 feet (12 m) above the surrounding terrain and tapers off before Little Round Top into low, wooded ground. At the northern end of Cemetery Ridge is a copse of trees and ...More...
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2013 photos: Equipment this year: I mostly used my Fuji XS-1 camera but, depending on the event, I also used a Nikon D7000 and Nikon D600.
Trips this year:
three Civil War Trust conferences (Memphis, TN, Jackson, MS [to which I added a week to to visit sites in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Tennessee], and Richmond, VA), and
my 8th consecutive San Diego Comic-Con trip (including sites in Nevada and California).
Ego Strokes: Aviva Kempner used my photo of her as her author photo in Larry Ruttman's "American Jews & America's Game: Voices of a Growing Legacy in Baseball" book.
Number of photos taken this year: just over 570,000.