2013_02_01H_SIPG_Bound: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center -- Special Exhibits -- Bound For Freedom's Light (33 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01D_SIPG_CWBS: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Backstage Civil War tour (21 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01I_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (2 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01J_SIPG_Portrait: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Portraits (4 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01P_LOC_PPD: DC -- Library of Congress -- Prints and Photographs Division pieces (78 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01T_SI_Castle_BS: DC -- Smithsonian Institution Building (The Castle) -- Backstage tour (62 photos from 02/01/2013)
2013_02_01R_SI_Castle_CWP: DC -- Smithsonian Institution Building (The Castle) -- Civil War Photography (42 photos from 02/01/2013)
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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by Bruce Guthrie who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the Creative Commons definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. If asked for permission in advance, I'll usually waive the non-commercial clause unless it's for people trying to sell the photos. A free copy of any printed publication using the photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from official signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
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Description of Subject Matter: Two of the threads running through the United States before the Civil War were the principle of union and the reality of slavery. In the North, Americans insisted on union above all else; in the South, Americans insisted on slavery above all else; and in the great American West, pioneers and sellers were left to choose between the two.
The Americans represented in this gallery felt strongly about these issues of liberty, union, and slavery. One of them, John Brown, did as much as any single person could do to push the divided nation to the brink of secession and civil war.
Abraham Lincoln's election to the presidency in November of 1860 enraged radical southern leaders, who fiercely defended the institution of slavery. As the Republican Party candidate, Lincoln wholly endorsed his party's platform to ban the extension of slavery into the western territories. Although he clearly stated his intention not to interfere with slavery where it already legally existed, southern extremists did not trust the new president-elect. In response, southerners enacted their doctrine of states' rights: "The Union Is Dissolved!" proclaimed the Charleston Mercury on December 20, 1860, when South Carolina became the first of eleven states to secede. A call to arms on both sides followed on the heels of secession. "Both parties deprecated war," President Lincoln reflected four years later in his second inaugural address, "but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive; and the other would accept war rather than let it perish. And the war came."
Lincoln and His Cabinet:
Upon entering the office of the presidency, Abraham Lincoln had every reason to feel skeptical about the ultimate success of his administration. Faced with a civil war, responsibility rested on his angular shoulders as it had done with no other American president before or since. Moreover, Lincoln had to win control over his cabinet, which at the start was at odds with him and with itsel ...More...
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Directly Related Pages: Other pages here that have content directly related to this one:
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2006_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (21 photos from 2006)
2007_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (7 photos from 2007)
2008_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (4 photos from 2008)
2009_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (126 photos from 2009)
2011_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (84 photos from 2011)
2012_DC_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (40 photos from 2012)
2013_01_29E_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (6 photos from 01/29/2013)
2013_04_22E_SIPG_CW: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center for Amer Art & Portraiture -- Civil War (13 photos from 04/22/2013)
Generally-Related Subject Description: The country's original patent office building burned down in 1836. From 1839 to 1866, another was built. Designed by Robert Mills who also designed the Capitol and Treasury buildings, it was based in part on the design of the Parthenon with marble hallways and Doric columns. During the Civil War, it was used as both a troop barracks and a hospital; both Clara Barton and Walt Whitman nursed wounded soldiers here. Abraham Lincoln held his second inaugural ball in the main gallery in March 1865, one month before his assassination. When the building's construction was finished, it was the largest building in the country. The Patent Office moved to the Dept of Commerce building in 1932. The Civil Service Commission took over until they moved to their new headquarters in 1960. Saved from destruction by the Commission of Fine Arts, the building was turned over to the Smithsonian which established two galleries -- the National Portrait Gallery and the National Museum of American Art -- in the building.
The building closed in January 2000 for a $200 million renovation. It reopened on July 1, 2006. In the interim, it beefed up its virtual presence on the Web at http://www.npg.si.edu and had a number of exhibits have been touring the country. One of those is on American woman and "A Brush with History: Paintings from the National Portrait Gallery". In the spring of 2001, a generous $30 million donation from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation of Las Vegas, Nevada allowed it to purchase the "Lansdowne" portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart.
The building closed well before I purchased my first digital camera and once it reopened, I found myself taking lots and lots of pictures. For example, during the reopening day on July 1, 2006, I took over 3,500 pictures. To keep the numbers on each page smaller, I separated them out by theme, sometimes somewhat arbitrarily, so you'll see separate listings for:
-- America's Presidents (paintings, sculpture, etc ...More...
Generally-Related Subject Pages: Other pages here that have content somewhat related to this one:
2009_DC_SIPG_1934: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center -- Special Exhibits -- 1934: A New Deal for Artists (154 photos from 2009)
2008_DC_SIPG_Scholars: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center -- Special Exhibits -- 2008 Presidential Scholars in the Arts (5 photos from 2008)
2011_DC_SIPG_Scholars: DC -- Donald W. Reynolds Center -- Special Exhibits -- 2011 Presidential Scholars in the Arts (4 photos from 2011)
Same Subject: Click on this link to see coverage of items having the same subject:
2013 photos: So far, I'm mostly using my Fuji XS-1 camera but, depending on the event, I'm also using a Nikon D7000 and Nikon D600.
Trips this year have been limited to a Civil War Trust conference in Memphis.