DC -- Natl Museum of American History -- Exhibit: Landmark Object: Civil War Draft Wheel:
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SIAHDW_120212_02.JPG: Civil War Union Draft Wheel, About 1863:
State officials in the North placed papers with the names of men eligible for the Union army into the wooden wheel. Then they spun the wheel, pulled papers from the hole, and wrote the names on a list of draftees to be called for service.
The scope and brutality of the Civil War quickly strained the military resources of North and South. The Confederacy instituted a draft in April 1862; the Union followed in March 1863. Both hoped that a draft would relieve manpower shortages and encourage voluntary enlistment.
This was the first time the United States established general compulsory military service and many considered it an infringement on individual liberty. Critics also charged class discrimination, as the North and South draft laws provided ways for propertied men to avoid the army. In all the Union conscripted about 46,000 soldiers, the Confederacy drafted about 82,000.
SIAHDW_120212_12.JPG: Civil War
The Civil War is a defining experience in our national history. Americans battled over preserving the Union and ending slavery. Both sides envisioned easy victories after eleven Southern states seceded and war broke out in 1861. But the bitter, costly fight lasted four years -- the country's bloodiest and most divisive conflict. More than three million men saw battle; some 530,000 lost their lives; another 400,000 were scarred, maimed, or disabled.
Today, the people of the United States continue to struggle with issues of race, civil rights, heritage, and the politics of federalism, all legacies of the Civil War and Reconstruction. The sesquicentennial of the war presents an opportunity to recall that conflict and its aftermath in a spirit of reconciliation and honest reflection to better understand how its events still affect our lives.
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Description of Subject Matter: Civil War Draft Wheel, Third Floor East
This landmark object -- the Civil War Draft Wheel -- identifies the American wars and politics wing of the museum.
As part of the Armed Forces collections at the National Museum of American History, the Draft Wheel is an object that demonstrates the very beginning of conscription in the United States. It functioned as part of a procedure to select men for military service. The names of men eligible for the draft were written on slips of paper and dropped into holes inside the wheel. An official pulled out names to fill the ranks of the Union army.
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Directly Related Pages: Other pages with content (DC -- Natl Museum of American History -- Exhibit: Landmark Object: Civil War Draft Wheel) directly related to this one:
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2016_DC_SIAH_CWDraft: DC -- Natl Museum of American History -- Exhibit: Landmark Object: Civil War Draft Wheel (8 photos from 2016)
2015_DC_SIAH_CWDraft: DC -- Natl Museum of American History -- Exhibit: Landmark Object: Civil War Draft Wheel (5 photos from 2015)
2012 photos: Equipment this year: My mainstays were the Fuji S100fs, Nikon D7000, and the new Fuji X-S1. I also used an underwater Fuji XP50 and a Nikon D600. The first three cameras all broke this year and had to be repaired.
Trips this year:
three Civil War Trust conferences (Shepherdstown, WV, Richmond, VA, and Williamsburg, VA),
a week-long family reunion cruise of the Caribbean,
another week-long family reunion in the Wisconsin Dells (with lots of in-transit time in Ohio and Indiana), and
my 7th consecutive San Diego Comic-Con trip (including side trips to Zion, Bryce, the Grand Canyon, etc).
Ego strokes: I had a picture of Miss DC, Ashley Boalch, published in the Washington Post. I had a photograph of the George Segal San Francisco Holocaust memorial used as the cover of Quebec Francais (issue 165). Not being able to read French, I'm not entirely sure what the article is about but, hey! And I guess what could be considered to be a positive thing, my site is now established enough that spammers have noticed it and I had to block 17,000 file description postings for Viagra and whatever else..
Number of photos taken this year: just below 410,000.
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