CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate NRA -- Fort Point NHS:
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Wikipedia Description: Fort Point, San Francisco
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fort Point is located at the southern side of the Straits of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. This fort was completed just before the American Civil War, to defend San Francisco Bay against hostile warships. The fort is now protected as Fort Point National Historic Site, a United States National Historic Site administered by the National Park Service as a unit of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
In 1769 Spain occupied the San Francisco area and by 1776 had established the area's first European settlement, with a mission and a presidio. To protect against encroachment by the British and Russians, Spain fortified the high white cliff at the narrowest part of the bay's entrance, where Fort Point now stands. The Castillo de San Joaquin, built in 1794, was an adobe structure housing nine to thirteen cannon.
Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821, gaining control of the region and the fort, but in 1835 the Mexican army moved to Sonoma leaving the castillo's adobe walls to crumble in the wind and rain. On July 1, 1846, after the Mexican-American War broke out between Mexico and the United States, U.S. forces, including Captain John Charles Fremont, Kit Carson and a band of 10 followers, captured the empty castillo and spiked the cannons.
Following the United States' victory in 1848, California was annexed by the U.S. and became a state in 1850. The gold rush of 1849 had caused rapid settlement of the area, which was recognized as commercially and strategically valuable to the US. Military officials soon recommended a series of fortifications to secure San Francisco Bay. Coastal defenses were built at Alcatraz Island, Fort Mason, and Fort Point.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began work on Fort Point in 1853. Plans specified that the lowest tier of artillery be as close as possible to water level so cannonballs could ricochet across the ...More...
Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
FTPT_041102_02.JPG: This is Fort Point which is closed most of the time during the bridge seismic refitting.
FTPT_041102_14.JPG: The work that they're doing is doing a seismic retrofit of the bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge is vulnerable to damage resulting from a strong nearby earthquake. Seismic retrofit construction is underway to transform this international icon into a modern structure that can withstand such forces. The dramatic steel arch over Fort Point National Historic Site is being retrofitted as is the south end of the span. During the retrofit, Fort Point is closed from Monday through Thursday.
FTPT_041103_01.JPG: Keeper of the Gate: Fort Point
After the Gold Rush of 1849, San Francisco quickly became the most important city on the West Coast, prompting the U.S. Army to build Fort Point to stand guard at the Golden Gate. Originally intended to defend against a foreign invasion, the fort was rushed to completion to defend against possible Confederate attack during the Civil War. Made of brick walls seven-feet thick, it is the only fort with casemates, or protected enclosures for many cannons, on the West Coast of the United States.
One of a kind on the West Coast, Fort Point resembles brick forts built on the East Coast before the Civil War. The fort had four tiers of cannon and could house up to 126 cannon and mortars in its walls and on the roof.
With cannon capable of shooting less than two miles, defending San Francisco Bay against invading ships depended upon a crossfire strategy. Cannon at three locations would fire upon incoming ships as they passed through the Golden Gate. However, no hostile shots were ever fired.
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2004 photos: Equipment this year: I bought two Fujifilm S7000 digital cameras. While they produced excellent images, I found all of the retractable-lens Fuji models had a disturbing tendency to get dust inside the lens. Dark blurs would show up on the images and the camera had to be sent back to the shop in order to get it fixed. I returned one of the cameras when the blurs showed up in the first month. I found myself buying extended warranties on cameras.
Trips this year: (1) Margot and I went off to Scotland for a few days, my first time overseas. (2) I went to Hawaii on business (such a deal!) and extended it, spending a week in Hawaii and another in California. (3) I went to Tennessee to man a booth and extended it to go to my third Fan Fair country music festival.
Number of photos taken this year: 110,000.