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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks including AI scrapers can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
Description of Subject Matter: After the Spanish had repulsed the British at St Augustine in 1740, the Spanish prepared an armada to destroy the British colony at Fort Frederica. In June 1742, the Spaniards under Florida governor Manual de Montiano sailed north to do battle. James Edward Oglethorpe, the founder and leader of Frederica, gathered his forces which totalled 900 against a force of about twice that number.
The Spaniards armada bypassed the British Fort St Simons, located at the southern tip of Saint Simons Island, and landed troops a few miles north of that fort. Out-flanked, Oglethorpe withdrew his men to Frederica. On July 7 1742, 200 Spaniards marched up the military road connecting the two forts. Oglethorpe routed this fort at the Battle of Gully Hole Creek, just outside Fort Frederica. Montiano sent several hundred men forward to cover the retreat but they were ambushed the same day at the Battle of Bloody Marsh.
According to local tradition, at the right moment, a Highland bonnet was raised on a stick that summoned a British volley. Many Spaniards were killed and the others were routed.
In terms of casualties, the first battle was more significant than the second but it's the latter that has the attention. In any case, within a week, the Spanish had evacuated St Simons and retreated to St Augustine. This was the last time they tried to threaten Georgia.
Bigger photos? To save server space, the full-sized versions of these images have either not been loaded to the server or have been removed from the server. (Only some pages are loaded with full-sized images and those usually get removed after three months.)
I still have them though. If you want me to email them to you, please send an email to email@example.com
and I can email them to you, or, depending on the number of images, just repost the page again will the full-sized images.
2003 photos: Equipment this year: I decided my Epson digital camera wasn't quite enough for what I wanted. Since I already had Compact Flash chips for it, I had to find another camera which used CF chips. That brought me to buy the Fujifilm S602 Zoom in March 2003. A great digital camera, I used it exclusively for an entire year.
Trips this year: Three-week trip this year out west, mostly in Utah.
Number of photos taken this year: 68,000.
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