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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks including AI scrapers can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
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Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
AIRM_060424_0004.JPG: Benoist-Korn Type XII (close-up)
AIRM_060424_0033.JPG: Langley Aerodrome A
AIRM_060424_0037.JPG: Nieuport 28C.1
AIRM_060424_0042.JPG: SPAD XVI (close up)
AIRM_060424_0054.JPG: SPAD XVI
AIRM_060424_0071.JPG: Caudron G 4
AIRM_060424_0082.JPG: Baldwin Red Devil [the ratty looking one]
AIRM_060424_0088.JPG: North American P-51C Mustang Excalibur III
AIRM_060424_0094.JPG: Lockheed P-38J Lightning
AIRM_060424_0098.JPG: Hawker Hurricane IIC
AIRM_060424_0110.JPG: Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay" (close up)
AIRM_060424_0123.JPG: Heinkel He 219 A Uhu
AIRM_060424_0134.JPG: Horten Ho III h:
This sailplane probably first flew as a two-place Ho III g, but late in World War II, someone modified it by removing the observer's seat and installing equipment to measure precisely the wing's angle of attack, yaw angle, and speed during flight. These modifications led to the change in designation to Ho III h.
The measuring equipment and both outer wing panels were missing when the Deutchestechnik Museum, Berlin began to restore this aircraft in 1994. The museum staff could find no drawings or other information on which to base a complete restoration, and as a result, National Air and Space Museum curators asked the staff in Berlin to preserve rather than restore this Horten wing.
AIRM_060424_0242.JPG: Dornier Do 335 A Pfeil:
The unique Dornier Do 335 Pfeil (Arrow) was among the fastest piston-engine aircraft ever built. The unconventional push-pull arrangement of its fore and aft propellers provided the power of two engines but with less drag and better maneuverability. The Do 335 first flew in September 1943. Fighter, trainer, reconnaissance, and night fighter versions were planned, but the war ended before large-scale production could begin.
This airplane, a Do 335 A-0, is one of 10 preproduction aircraft and the sole survivor of its type. U.S. Army forces captured it at the Dornier factory at Rechlin-Oberpfaffenhofen on April 22, 1945. The U.S. Navy flight tested it at the Patuxent River Naval Air Station from 1945 to 1948. The Smithsonian acquired it in 1961. In 1974, it was returned to Germany, restored by Dornier, and displayed at the Deutches Museum in Munich until 1991.
AIRM_060424_0379.JPG: Bellanca C.F.
The Bellanca C.F. high-wing monoplane was the prototype for the first line of successful cabin aircraft, including Pacemakers and Cruisairs, built in the United States. Its creator, Italian immigrant Giuseppe Bellanca, embraced a completely new vision and design in the early 1920s, offering four passengers comfort and cover in a cabin while keeping the traditional open cockpit for the pilot.
Bellanca visualized the C.F. as a commercial transport aircraft before a market really existed; therefore, only one C.F. was ever built. However, the beautifully crafted airplane, with its high-lift struts and mahogany plywood panels, exhibited high performance. It won races in 1922 and 1923 and also hosted two aerial marriages.
AIRM_060424_0395.JPG: Bede BD-5B
AIRM_060424_0431.JPG: Sukhoi Su-26M
AIRM_060424_0435.JPG: Turner RT-14:
Following his first Thompson Trophy victory in 1934, famed racing pilot Roscoe Turner contracted with the Lawrence W. Brown Aircraft Company to build a new racing aircraft. Designed by Turner and engineered by University of Minnesota professor Howard Barlow, the Turner racer was completed in mid-1936. Following flight tests, Matty Laird extensively redesigned the aircraft and added a larger wing and flaps.
Known as the Laird Turner LTR-14 and later the Turner RT-14, the modified racer placed third in the 1937 Thompson Trophy event at the National Air Races and won the 1938 and 1939 contests. With this aircraft, Turner became the only three-time winner of the Thompson Trophy. In 1939, the aircraft was sponsored by Champion Spark Plugs and therefore carried the name "Miss Champion" on its fuselage.
AIRM_060424_0448.JPG: Grumman G-21 Goose
AIRM_060424_0458.JPG: Dassault Falcon 20
The tour guy mentioned that the tail number, N8FE, was so-named to make investors think he already had eight aircraft when he only had one. Number "8" was actually his first plane.
AIRM_060424_0485.JPG: Cessna 180 Spirit of Columbus:
Flying the Spirit of Columbus, Geraldine Mock became the first woman to pilot an aircraft around the world. She departed from Columbus, Ohio on March 19, 1964, and arrived back home on April 17, 1964, after flying 36,964 kilometers (23,103 miles) in 29 days, 11 hours, and 59 minutes. Mock wrote about her exceptional solo flight in "Three Eight Charlie."
Introduced in 1952, the Cessna 180 high-wing utility aircraft was a rugged and popular tail wheel design that led to the tricycle gear-equipped model 182 still in production today. The Spirit was a used model 180 purchased by Russell Mock and Al Baumeister, who installed additional fuel tanks and survival equipment for its record flight.
AIRM_060424_0517.JPG: North American Rockwell Shrike Commander 500S Sweetie Face
AIRM_060424_0521.JPG: Beechcraft King Air 65-90:
The Beechcraft King Air is the world's most popular turboprop aircraft. Beech Aircraft developed the King Air in 1964 as a compromise between piston-engine and jet aircraft; it could fly farther and higher than piston-engine aircraft yet land on the short runways of most small airports. The design remains the primary business aircraft for small to mid-size companies and part of the flight inventories of larger corporations.
Rather than investing in new and expensive technology, Beech built an improved and marketable business aircraft from its existing production line. The aircraft displayed here, LJ-34, began as a Queen Air that was upgraded with Pratt and Whitney PT6A-6 turboprop engines, a design that soon became the C-90. Several companies operated it for a total of more than 7,000 hours of service.
AIRM_060424_0529.JPG: Airbus A330/A340 Main Landing Gear:
Built by Messier-Dowty, this main landing gear is standard equipment on Airbus A330 and A340 wide-body airliners. Immensely strong, this gear features a unique, space-saving retraction mechanism, shown in the cutaway section. This mechanism allows the gear to be stored compactly when retracted while providing excellent ground clearance when extended. Weighing 3,400 kilograms (7,500 pounds) this main landing gear is one of the largest in commercial service.
This particular gear was removed from an A330 that made a successful forced landing in 2001. It was restored by Messier-Dowty and delivered to the Museum with the aid of Atlas Air Force and American Moving and Storage.
AIRM_060424_0541.JPG: MacCready Gossamer Albatross (above)
Bell XV-15 Tilt Rotor Research Aircraft (below)
AIRM_060424_0553.JPG: Boeing 307 Stratoliner "Clipper Flying Cloud"
AIRM_060424_0816.JPG: Lockheed Martin X-36B Joint Strike Fighter
AIRM_060424_0820.JPG: Vought RF-8G Crusader:
First flown in 1955, the F8U Crusader was the first carrier-based jet fighter to exceed 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) per hour. Its variable-incidence wing, which could elevate up to seven degrees in the front while rotating about its rear spar, helped improve the aircraft's flight characteristics at slow speeds and increase pilot visibility for takeoff and landing. Its folding outer wing tips facilitated storage on aircraft carriers. Improvements were made to the engines and radar, and ventral fins were added under the tail for increased directional stability. Of the 1,261 Crusaders built, 73 were modified as RF-8G reconnaissance models.
This RF-8G was the last operational Navy F-8. Delivered as an F8U-1P, it spent its first seven years with the Marine Corps and flew 400 combat hours in Southeast Asia. Its career total of 7,474 flight hours is the most of any Navy Crusader built.
AIRM_060424_0829.JPG: AIM-120 AMRAAM Missile:
The AMRAAM (Advanced Medium-Range, Air-to-Air Missile), also designated AIM-120, is used by the U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force, and Allied forces. The missile has an all-weather, beyond-visual-range capability and is faster, yet smaller and lighter, than its predecessor, the AIM-7 Sparrow missile. A pilot can aim and fire several AMRAAMs simultaneously at different targets, then perform evasive maneuvers while the missiles guide themselves to their targets. AMRAAMs are used on U.S. F14D, F/A-18, F-15, F-16, and Britain's Tornado and Sea Harrier aircraft.
AIRM_060424_1145.JPG: North American P-51C Mustang Excalibur III
AIRM_060424_1163.JPG: Grumman G-22 Gulfhawk II
AIRM_060424_1166.JPG: Piper J-3 Cub
AIRM_060424_1185.JPG: Bucker Bu 133 C Jungmeister [upside down plane]
AIRM_060424_1188.JPG: Monocoupe 110 Special "Little Butch"
AIRM_060424_1262.JPG: Horten Ho III f [top craft]:
Beginning in 1933, Reimar Horten, assisted by his brother Walter, designed and built a series of swept-wing aircraft that did not have fuselages or tails and did not use any other surfaces for control or stability that did not contribute lift to the wing. Reimar Horten continued to refine his line of all-wing sailplanes by building at least 18 variations of the Ho III beginning in 1938.
The Ho III f has a flat-prone couch for the pilot and offered excellent visibility and low drag. It is one of only two airplanes in the Museum's collection (along with the 1903 Wright Flyer) configured in this way. The aircraft was recovered by the Allies after World War II. All the Museum's Horten gliders were restored by the Museum fur Verkehr und Technik Berlin (now called the Deutches Technikmuseum) between 1994 and 2004.
AIRM_060424_1289.JPG: Grunau Baby II B-2:
Precise numbers are not known, but craftsmen have probably built more Grunau Babies and Baby derivatives than any other sailplane. Thousands were constructed in Western Europe between 1931 and 1945. During World War II, more than 4,000 rolled out of factories in Germany and the countries it occupied. After the war, thousands more were built in Czechoslovakia, Spain, Sweden, Great Britain, and Australia.
The Grunau Baby influenced the development of other sailplanes, such as the Slingsby Kirby Kite, Slingsby Cambridge 1 and 2, and the Slingsby Type 21 two-seat trainer. The U.S. Air Force transferred this Grunau Baby to the Smithsonian in 1949. Its operational history is unknown.
AIRM_060424_1370.JPG: Robinson R22
AIRM_060424_1382.JPG: Mitchell U-2 Superwing
AIRM_060424_1394.JPG: Nelson BB-1 Dragonfly
AIRM_060424_1406.JPG: Stanley Nomad
AIRM_060424_1412.JPG: Arrow Sport A2-60
AIRM_060424_1441.JPG: De Havilland Canada DHC-1A Chipmunk Pennzoil Special
AAA "Gem": AAA considers this location to be a "must see" point of interest. To see pictures of other areas that AAA considers to be Gems, click here.
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I still have them though. If you want me to email them to you, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
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