CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate Natl Recreation Area (South Side):
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Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks including AI scrapers can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
GGNRAS_041103_01.JPG: Many of the hills around the bay were positions used for protective artillery batteries in an age when those could actually protect the port from foreign ships. They became obsolete once bombers and missiles came into their own.
Battery East: These gun emplacements were part of a 3/4-mile line of earthworks guarding the Bay entrance. Battery East was started in 1870 but lack of funds halted construction in 1876. Only five of the proposed sixteen guns were mounted here.
Ammunition and supplies for the guns were stored in underground magazines.
In the late 1890's, hidden firepower in scattered, new concrete harbor defense batteries began to replace these earthen works and the vulnerable masonry forts such as Fort Point.
GGNRAS_041103_28.JPG: These are some of the more modern defenses mounted above the Golden Gate.
GGNRAS_041103_46.JPG: The Era of Earthworks Batteries; Battery East
Armored vessels and rifled artillery developed during the Civil War could destroy brick forts like Fort Point. As a consequence, these walled forts were replaced by earthen gun emplacements with underground ammunition magazines like Battery East. These earthworks batteries were inexpensive, easy to construct, and resistant to attack, but their era was short-lived. More powerful artillery came on line in the 1890's, necessitating heavy-duty concrete mounting platforms.
Battery East had 16 gun and four mortar emplacements.
AAA "Gem": AAA considers this location to be a "must see" point of interest. To see pictures of other areas that AAA considers to be Gems, click here.
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Directly Related Pages: Other pages with content (CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate NRA (South Side)) directly related to this one:
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2018_CA_GGate_NRA_S: CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate Natl Recreation Area (South Side) (42 photos from 2018)
Generally-Related Pages: Other pages with content (CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate Natl Recreation Area) somewhat related to this one:
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2004_CA_GGate_NRA_SVw: CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate NRA (South Side) -- View from... (1 photo from 2004)
2013_CA_GGate_NRA_NVw: CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate NRA (North Side) -- View from... (22 photos from 2013)
2011_CA_GGate_NRA_NVw: CA -- San Francisco -- Golden Gate NRA (North Side) -- View from... (9 photos from 2011)
2004 photos: Equipment this year: I bought two Fujifilm S7000 digital cameras. While they produced excellent images, I found all of the retractable-lens Fuji models had a disturbing tendency to get dust inside the lens. Dark blurs would show up on the images and the camera had to be sent back to the shop in order to get it fixed. I returned one of the cameras when the blurs showed up in the first month. I found myself buying extended warranties on cameras.
Trips this year: (1) Margot and I went off to Scotland for a few days, my first time overseas. (2) I went to Hawaii on business (such a deal!) and extended it, spending a week in Hawaii and another in California. (3) I went to Tennessee to man a booth and extended it to go to my third Fan Fair country music festival.
Number of photos taken this year: 110,000.
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