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Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
JAMESA_180603_033.JPG: Every Artifact Tells a Story...
JAMESA_180603_037.JPG: America's Foundations
JAMESA_180603_045.JPG: Rediscovering Jamestown
JAMESA_180603_048.JPG: "The thirteenth day, we came to our seating place in Paspihas Countrey..."
JAMESA_180603_071.JPG: A silver sixpence with the bust of English King James I, one of the most powerful monarchs in Europe
JAMESA_180603_073.JPG: Quartz crystal arrow point, as clear as glass, made by Virginia Indians
JAMESA_180603_082.JPG: "They have fortified themselfs and built a small towne which they call James-towne..."
-- Dudley Carleton, 1607
JAMESA_180603_086.JPG: Crossing the Atlantic
JAMESA_180603_091.JPG: The Virginia Company
JAMESA_180603_095.JPG: "... well trained and expert souldiers."
-- Richard Potts and William Pettiplace, 1609
JAMESA_180603_103.JPG: Clues to James Fort
JAMESA_180603_106.JPG: "... the fort is called, in honor of His Majesty's name, James Town."
-- William Stachey, 1610
JAMESA_180603_107.JPG: "... the fort is called, in honor of His Majesty's name, James Town."
-- William Stachey, 1610
JAMESA_180603_110.JPG: "... be not hasty in Landing..."
-- The Virginia Company, 1606
JAMESA_180603_118.JPG: Edward Maria Wingfield
JAMESA_180603_123.JPG: "... three Bulwarkes at every corner like a half Moone, and foure or five pieces of Artillerie mounted in them."
-- George Percy, 1607
JAMESA_180603_126.JPG: "... three Bulwarkes at every corner like a half Moone, and foure or five pieces of Artillerie mounted in them."
-- George Percy, 1607
JAMESA_180603_134.JPG: Surrey-Hampshire Border Ware Drinking Jug
Amazingly, archaeologists found this jug unbroken in the bulwark ditch. Dating to the early 17th century, it was made in England by potteries along the border for Hampshire and Surrey counties. These thin-walled earthenware jugs, commonly used for drinking beer, rarely survived long after they were made. The drinking jug, like many other artifacts, indicated the archaeologists were digging on early 17th-century site.
JAMESA_180603_137.JPG: "...worth and noble gentlemen..."
-- William Strachey, 1610
JAMESA_180603_141.JPG: Gentlemen Soldiers
JAMESA_180603_143.JPG: Gentlemen Soldiers
JAMESA_180603_152.JPG: These nine pipes bear names of some of the most influential men in England. Locally made by Robert Cotton of Virginia clay, they represent a distinguished group of courtiers, investors, and adventurers.
Cotton pipes mimic native Algonquin forms produced in the Chesapeake region, but they are decorated with European stamps traditionally used in bookbinding. Before firing, Cotton individualized these pipes by printing the names with lead type.
JAMESA_180603_168.JPG: "These works to make return of present profit..."
-- The Ancient Planters, 1623
JAMESA_180603_171.JPG: What Lies Beneath
JAMESA_180603_174.JPG: Biographies and Burials
JAMESA_180603_179.JPG: World of Pocahontas
JAMESA_180603_182.JPG: The Factory
JAMESA_180603_187.JPG: The World of Pocahontas, Unearthed
JAMESA_180603_193.JPG: New Worlds of Opportunity
JAMESA_180603_199.JPG: The Rise of Tsenacommacah
JAMESA_180603_229.JPG: In 2010, archaeologists unearthed the remains of the first substantial Jamestown church. Build in 1608, it is the earliest Protestant church yet found in North America. This large post-in-ground building was defined by 14 major structural posts which matched the dimensions of the church recorded by William Strachey, the secretary of the colony. ...
JAMESA_180603_234.JPG: Creating a "Third Space"
JAMESA_180603_254.JPG: John Nau
JAMESA_180603_274.JPG: "... the plantation of an English Church and Common-wealth..."
-- William Crashaw, 1610
JAMESA_180603_281.JPG: Archaeology History & Science
JAMESA_180603_284.JPG: Holy Ground
JAMESA_180603_300.JPG: Coins & Counters
JAMESA_180603_313.JPG: Mud and Stud
JAMESA_180603_314.JPG: Desperate Times
JAMESA_180603_322.JPG: Starving Time Food
1. Poisonous Snakes
3. Black rat
JAMESA_180603_327.JPG: 4. Bald Eagles
5. Musk Turtles
JAMESA_180603_337.JPG: "... dish in the Sea, foules in the ayre, and Beasts in the woods..."
-- John Smith, 1624
JAMESA_180603_338.JPG: The Barracks
JAMESA_180603_347.JPG: First Houses
JAMESA_180603_359.JPG: "... Fowles and Birds of divers and sundrie colours..."
-- George Percy, 1608
JAMESA_180603_377.JPG: "... for God would not have it so abandoned."
-- William Simmons, 1612
JAMESA_180603_386.JPG: The Sea Venture
JAMESA_180603_388.JPG: Halberd blade, iron, ca 1610
JAMESA_180603_393.JPG: A Time Capsule
JAMESA_180603_398.JPG: The colonists found no freshwater springs on Jamestown Island and, in the beginning, drank water from the tidal James River. Salt in the river water may have caused a variety of illnesses. There was no well on the island until late 1608 when John Smith reports digging "a faire Well of fresh water in the Fort of excellent sweet water which till then was wanting."
JAMESA_180603_406.JPG: Digging a Well
JAMESA_180603_409.JPG: Conserve to Preserve
JAMESA_180603_420.JPG: Well Ring
JAMESA_180603_425.JPG: The People of Jamestown
JAMESA_180603_432.JPG: "There were never Englishmen left in a forreigne Countrey in such miserie as wee were in this new discovered Virginia."
-- George Percy, 1607
JAMESA_180603_438.JPG: "Now all of us att James Towne beginneinge to feele the sharpe pricke of hunger... A worlde of miseries ensewed..."
-- George Percy, 1609
JAMESA_180603_442.JPG: "This was that time, which still to this day we called the starving time; it were too vile to say, and scarce to be beleeved, what we endured..."
-- John Smith, 1610
JAMESA_180603_448.JPG: Survival Cannibalism
JAMESA_180603_452.JPG: Examination of the skull identified multiple chops and cuts from at least two different sharp, metal implements, such as a cleaver or small hatchet, and a knife. The pattern of blows and cuts reflects a concerted effort to remove soft tissue and the brain. The bones of this young woman are evidence that in the face of slow death by starvation, some in the colony resorted to cannibalism to survive.
JAMESA_180603_455.JPG: "We hope to plant a Nation, where none before hath stood."
-- Richard Rich, 1610
JAMESA_180603_460.JPG: "... the first mover of this plantation..."
-- John Smith, 1612
JAMESA_180603_474.JPG: "... usual burying place by James City."
-- John Atkins, 1623
JAMESA_180603_477.JPG: Who Shot JR?
JAMESA_180603_488.JPG: Forensic Science
JAMESA_180603_498.JPG: May 1607
JAMESA_180603_504.JPG: The Golden Leaf
JAMESA_180603_521.JPG: To the Glory of God and in grateful memory of those early settlers, the founders of this nation who died at Jamestown during the first perilous years of the colony.
Their bodies lie along the ridge beyond this cross, in the earliest known burial ground of the English in America.
"These are they which came out of great tribulation."
-- Revelation VII:VIV
Erected by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities 1957
JAMESA_180603_528.JPG: These foundations were discovered & identified in 1903 by Samuel H. Yonge,
Designer of the sea-wall & author of "The Site of "Olde Jamestowne," 1607-1698."
Placed by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, 1907.
AAA "Gem": AAA considers this location to be a "must see" point of interest. To see pictures of other areas that AAA considers to be Gems, click here.
Wikipedia Description: Historic Jamestown
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Historic Jamestown is the cultural heritage site that was the location of the 1607 James Fort and the later 17th-century town of Jamestown in America. It is located on Jamestown Island, on the James River at Jamestown, Virginia and operated as a partnership between Preservation Virginia (formerly known as the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities) and the U.S. National Park Service as part of Colonial National Historical Park.
The site was designated Jamestown National Historic Site on December 18, 1940, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. It was also designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark in 2007 by the American Chemical Society. It is adjacent and complementary with Jamestown Settlement, a living history museum built run by the Commonwealth of Virginia to interpret the early colony.
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