CA -- Arcadia -- LA County Arboretum and Botanic Garden -- Historic Structures:
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LACARS_090801_023.JPG: A gentleman's private coach, modified from an English public passenger coach to accommodate the needs of a private owner. Included in the modifications is the red rectangular box at the center of the roof which has mahogany fittings to hold wine bottles.
There are cloth shades for the windows of the door and tufted cushions on the floor of the cab. When the vehicle was parked a sun shade was placed over the entire roof. The carbide lamps at either side was designed on the best known principles for steady lighting when driving at night.
The wheels are made from British timber. The springs from Russian iron, the cushion leather from Morocco, the velvet for the upholstery from France, the mahogany from Honduras and the hickory from the united States. Notice the hand-forged iron steps and hand-holds that make the upper seats accessible.
The private edition was built by Hooper and Company (coachmakers of the British royal family) for the Philadelphia Exposition in 1876.
Restoration: At the Soledad Correctional Training Facility, ten inmates utilized their skills in refinishing, upholstery, milling and cabinet work. Altogether, 2,864 hours of work were devoted to its restoration.
LACARS_090801_038.JPG: Firefighting Equipment:
Man-powered and man-operated, type used in early 1900s.
Purchased by Mr. Baldwin for use on coachbarn.
Restored by the men of Arcadia Fire Department.
LACARS_090801_115.JPG: Queen Anne Cottage
Constructed by Elias Jackson ("Lucky") Baldwin
in 1881 dedicated by A.A. Bennett, and intended
for entertaining. There being no kitchen,
means were served from the nearby adobe
(built by Hugo Reid in 1839) where Baldwin
actually lived. Restored and dedicated
May 18, 1954, as part of Los Angeles State
and County Arboretum.
Historical Landmark No. 367
California State Park Commission
LACARS_090801_255.JPG: Hugo Reid Adobe 1839
Historical Landmark No. 368
the State of California
Restored by the
California Conservation Corps
AAA "Gem": AAA considers this location to be a "must see" point of interest. To see pictures of other areas that AAA considers to be Gems, click here.
Wikipedia Description: Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden, 127 acres (51.4 ha), is an arboretum, botanical garden, and historical site nestled into hills near the San Gabriel Mountains, at 301 North Baldwin Avenue, Arcadia, California, USA. It is open daily during business hours, for a fee.
The Arboretum is located across the street from the Santa Anita Park, the horse racetrack, and the shopping mall Santa Anita Fashion Park, now known as Westfield Santa Anita.
Important in prehistory as a year round source of water fed by the Raymond Fault, the body of water known as Baldwin Lake attracted both waterfowl and other animals as well as arriving native americans. No documentation of the original appearance has survived, however it is safe to assume it would have been a natural wetland with tules and other vegetation as well as standing pools of water. Permanent native american habitation in the are is believed to have been sited on nearby Tallac Knoll, but with the exception of excavations at the site of Hugo Reid Adobe, no archaeological work has been conducted on the present day Arboretum site. Close proximity to the nearby San Gabriel Mission may have led to the siting of a small seasonal dwelling at the site for shepherds or hunters. After a period of dispute, the grant to the land was awarded to Hugo Reid (1809-1852) and his Tongva wife, Victoria Bartolomea Comicrabit. Reid was an educated Scotsman known for a series of letters describing Tongva culture as well as his role in the California Constitutional Convention. Afflicted with tuberculosis, he died at the age of 43. A series of short term owners of the property, Rancho Santa Anita, followed.
A series of subsequent owners followed; in sequence they were Henry Dalton, Joseph A. Rowe, Albert Dibblee in partnership with William Corbett and a Mr. Barker, Leonard Rose and William Wolfskill, Alfred Chapman with Harris Newmark until finally the property was sold to Elias Jackson Baldwin. With each transition beginning with the sale to Rose and Wolfskill, a portion of the ranch was sold off. Every owner in some ways typifies the history of southern California during the period. Agricultural innovation is a feature which persisted taking advantage of the climate and the new crops that it made possible as well as a growing body of consumers and new markets opened by transportation innovations.
The site's modern history began in 1875 when Elias Jackson "Lucky" Baldwin purchased Rancho Santa Anita and constructed its buildings and grounds. Baldwin's influence was a strong presence on the site. A certain flamboyance was evident in the creation of a showcase at Santa Anita. Baldwin in some ways anticipated the development of Las Vegas creating Arcadia as a kind of prototype destination resort. The Oakwood Hotel, the Santa Anita racetrack and the creation of Arcadia as an independent city made it possible for Baldwin to become its first Mayor. The first liquor license was issued to his oldest daughter Clara Baldwin. This becomes more significant when one understands that Pasadena which borders Arcadia was dry from its founding in 1886. A major motivation for incorporation being the banning of liquor in the city. Although many towns in southern California were dry, commercial viticulture flourished around the San Gabriel Mission since mission days. Baldwin started an award winning winery to supply the thirsty tourists, sold land to settlers as well as running a private water company and brick works. A partnership with Henry Huntington and the Santa Fe Railroad insured that passengers could arrive by rail from Los Angeles and other locations as well as bringing freight, such as building supplies and taking away ranch produce for sale.
The arboretum itself began in 1947 with California and Los Angeles jointly purchasing 111 acres (44.9 ha) to create an arboretum around the Baldwin site. By 1949, the first greenhouse had been constructed and the site's plants inventoried. In 1951, the first 1,000 trees were planted, and in 1956 the arboretum was opened to the public. Ongoing construction of gardens and greenhouses took place during the 1950s and 1960s, and in 1975-1976 the Tropical Greenhouse was opened and the Prehistoric and Jungle Garden completed. Construction and renovation of both greenhouses and gardens has continued to this day.
The arboretum's plants are grouped by geography with gardens for South American, Mediterranean, South African, Australian and Asiatic-North American plants. Other displays include the Aquatic Garden, Meadowbrook, Demonstration Home Gardens, Garden for All Seasons, Prehistoric and Jungle Garden, Native Oaks, Herb Garden, and the Palm and Bamboo collection. In addition, the arboretum is home to a flock of some 200 peafowl, which are descendants of original birds imported by Baldwin from India in about 1880 (the peafowl is a symbol of the city of Arcadia). Peafowl can also be found throughout neighborhoods surrounding the arboretum.
Santa Anita Depot:
In 1970, the depot was moved to the Arboretum during the construction of the 210 Freeway.
Numerous movies were filmed at the arboretum including portions of two Jurassic Park movies and Anaconda.
The Queen Anne Cottage used in the opening scenes of the TV show Fantasy Island is located here. The house also was used in an episode of Murder, She Wrote, the CBS-TV series.
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