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USNA_080809_004.JPG: Centennial of the United States Navy Submarine Force.
Dedicated to those who served beneath the seas, families and support personnel.
USNA_080809_020.JPG: Midway memorial
USNA_080809_044.JPG: The Navy Mascot:
The Naval Academy has had a goat at its mascot since 1890 when, according to legend, on their march from the ferry station at Highland Falls up the steep hill to West Point to play the first Army-Navy football game, the naval cadets (as they were then known) saw a goat outside the noncoms' houses at West Point and promptly commandeered "Billy" for their mascot. Since that time, the goat has remained as the recognized mascot of the U.S. Naval Academy.
USNA_080809_056.JPG: Navy Mascot -- the goat. Rubbing the genitals are part of campus tradition here.
USNA_080809_057.JPG: Statue genitals
USNA_080809_073.JPG: Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune memorial
USNA_080809_094.JPG: Freedom 7 capsule
USNA_080809_100.JPG: Famous quotations:
"I have not yet begun to fight"
-- Captain John Paul Jones, Continental Army
Battle between Bon Homme Richard & Serapis, 23 September 1779.
"Tell the men to fire faster! Don't give up the ship!"
-- Captain James Lawrence, United States Navy
Mortally wounded in action between USS Chesapeake & HMS Shannon, 1813
"We have met the enemy and they are ours: Two ships, two Brigs, one Schooner, and one Sloop!"
-- Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, Untied States Navy
Battle of lake Erie, 1813
"Damn the torpedoes! Four bells! Captain Drayton go ahead!"
-- Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, United States Navy
Battle of Mobile Bay, 1864
"You may fire when ready, Gridley."
-- Commodore George Dewey, United States Navy
Battle of Manilla Bay, 1898
"Retreat hell! We just got here!"
Captain Lloyd Williams, United States Marine Corps
Battle of Belleau Wood, 3 June 1918
"The Navy has both tradition and a future... and we look with pride and confidence in both directions."
-- Admiral George Anderson, United States Navy
Chief of Naval Operations, 1961
"God grant me the courage not to give up what I think is right even though I think it is hopeless."
-- Admiral Chester Nimitz, United States Navy
"The devil is in the details and every thing we do in the military is a detail."
-- Admiral Hyman Rickover, United States Navy
"Father of the Nuclear Navy"
"Any commander who fails to exceed his authority is not much use to his subordinates."
-- Admiral Arleigh Burke, United States Navy
USNA_080809_127.JPG: Tecumseh, replica
USNA_080809_134.JPG: View of the water from the balcony of the visitor center
USNA_080809_142.JPG: Figurehead of USS Delaware III: Nicknamed by Midshipmen "Tecumseh":
Originally carved to represent Tamanend, Chief of the Delaware Indians, this wooden bust graced the bow of the third ship of the U.S. Navy named for the State of Delaware and launched in 1820. The figurehead was carved by William Luke at the Gosport, late Norfolk, Navy Yard.
In April 1861, at the beginning of the Civil War, USS Delaware was among the ships at the Norfolk Navy Yard set afire and scuttled to prevent their use by the Confederate Navy. When raised after the war, the fig [sic] figurehead was still intact; and it was removed and sent to the Naval Academy.
Tamanend was placed on a brick pedestal in the yard next to the old Chapel. Midshipmen did not know who the Native American was meant to represent so they gave him all sorts of nicknames. Finally, in the 1890s, the name Tecumseh, for the famous Shawnee Indian Chief, stuck, and he had borne this title since.
When the Naval Academy was completely rebuilt in the first decade of the 20th century, Tecumseh was moved to a new pedestal in front of Bancroft Hall. For preservation of the original wooden figure, the Class of 1891 funded the bronze casting which in 1930 replaced it on the outdoor pedestal.
The bronze replica is given coats of war paint prior to important athletic contests or other major events held in the Yard. Known also as the "god of 2.0," as passing academic grade, midshipmen toss coins at it for good luck on examinations. To preserve the mystique in the replacement figure, sections representing the wooden brains and wooden heart of the original were removed in 1930 and placed into the bronze bust.
USNA_080809_170.JPG: Freedom 7:
On May 5, 1961, Naval Academy graduate Alan Shepard (Class of 1945) became the first American in space. Enclosed in this Mercury spacecraft, Freedom 7, Shepard rode atop a Redstone rocket to an altitude of 116 miles. The flight of Freedom 7 lasted 15 minutes, 22 seconds, and ended in the Atlantic Ocean just over 300 miles from the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Florida. This was a defining moment in the American space program, and the first step toward a successful lunar landing.
The Mercury spacecraft is approximately 9 feet high and 6 feet in diameter. The bell-shaped spacecraft consists of two sections. The conical lower section housed Shepard and his equipment. A heatshield attached to the base of the lower section enabled the spacecraft to survive the searing heat of the atmospheric entry. Two parachutes were located in the cylindrical upper section.
USNA_080809_179.JPG: Admiral Ben Moreell memorial
USNA_080809_188.JPG: About Ben Moreell
A brilliant engineer, industrialist, and humanitarian, noble in spirit and stature, dedicated to god and country.
He was thirty years a Naval officer, twelve years an industrial giant, fifteen more years a national spokesman.
Commissioned in the Civil Engineer Corps during World War I, he attained four-star rank in 1946, the first staff corps officer to be so recognized.
As chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks during World War II, he directed a world-wide construction program contributing directly to victory in the Pacific and in Europe.
He founded a naval construction force, the Seabees, comprised of a quarter million men whose fame and accomplishments are legendary.
He helped set the course for the 1955-1980 building modernization at the Naval Academy.
He was honored twelve times with doctoral degrees, elected to the National Academy of Engineering, and was named as one of the ten leading construction men in the United States during the fifty-year period 1925 to 1975.
Ben Moreell possessed a warmth for people, born of his belief in the value of each individual. He left a legacy of creativity. He was a blessing to all who knew him and to countless others.
USNA_080809_191.JPG: Commodore Uriah P. Levy Center and Jewish Chapel
USNA_080809_200.JPG: About the Seabees:
Born in the early days of World War II, when the nation was in dire peril, their mission was to build bases for the combat forces, to defend those bases, and to provide other support of whatever kind required.
Organized and commanded by officers of the Civil Engineer Corps of the Navy, recruited largely from the building trades of organized labor, buttressed by the construction industry, the Seabees quickly proved their total competence.
High morale, expert skills, versatile ingenuity, strong devotion to duty and deep sympathy for the needy are the hallmarks of their record. Their motto "Can Do" symbolizes their tradition and their achievements.
Generations of Seabees have added to the laurels of their forebears. In war and in peace they have maintained their high repute as builders, fighters and humanitarians.
-- Ben Moreell, Admiral, Civil Engineer Corps, United States Navy
USNA_080809_210.JPG: Foremast of the USS Maine
USNA_080809_223.JPG: Foremast of The USS Maine.
Ship blown up, Havana 15, Feb. 1898.
Mast recovered 6, Oct. 1910.
Erected here 5, May, 1913.
USNA_080809_229.JPG: Sea Gate
USNA_080809_235.JPG: The Sea Gate.
Presented to the U.S. Naval Academy
The Class of 1945
June 7, 1989.
USNA_080809_245.JPG: Dedicated to
all who have left these shores
to serve our country
USNA_080809_248.JPG: USS Paddle Bell
USNA_080809_252.JPG: Mark XIV Torpedo.
Main armament of
World War II submarines
Warhead: 600 pound explosive charge
Length: 20.5 feet
Diameter: 21 inches
Weight: 3000 pounds
Let us also not forget
the 427 gallant men lost in
15 U.S. submarine disasters
from 1900 to 1975.
USNA_080809_261.JPG: Triton Light
USNA_080809_264.JPG: This light is dedicated
to the safe return
of all those who go
down to the sea in ships.
The Class of 1945.
USNA_080809_273.JPG: At the corner of Spa Creek and the Severn River, looking past the Robert Crown Sailing Center down the Severn River.
USNA_080809_289.JPG: The Paddle Bell.
USS Paddle (SS 263) carried this bell throughout World War II. Similar bells were carried by all U.S. submarines.
Upon this bell we toll the loss of 52 American submarines and crew of 3,621 officers and enlisted men who went down fighting during WW II. Additionally, we recognize those lost during peace time operations:
USS Thresher (SSN 593) -- 129 crew
USS Scorpion (SSN 589) -- 99 crew
May The List End Here.
USNA_080809_292.JPG: Wesley Brown Field House (under construction)
Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale was one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the United States navy and the only three-star admiral to wear both aviator wings and the Medal of Honor. As the result of his heroic actions, he was awarded 26 combat decorations, including two Distinguished Flying Crosses, three Distinguished Service Medals, four Silver Star Medals, and two Purple Hearts.
USNA_080809_304.JPG: James Bond Stockdale.
James Bond Stockdale
"Never give in; never give in; never, never, never, never -- in nothing, great or small, large or petty -- never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense. Never yield to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy." -- Sir Winston Churchill
William Porter Lawrence, USN
"Be first a person of honor."
Test Pilot -- First to fly Mach II in Naval Aircraft
Korea, F-2H Banshee
Vietnam, F-4 Phantom
Prisoner of War, Vietnam, 1967-1973
Superintendent, United States Naval Academy
Commander, US Third Fleet
Chief, US Naval Personnel
"And o'er the world as I may roam,
No place exceeds by boyhood home.
And oh how much I long to see
My Native land, my Tennessee."
-- Composed by --
William Porter Lawrence
while in solitary confinement as a Vietnam POW
-- Designated State Poem of Tennessee
USNA_080809_341.JPG: Butler in Annapolis:
The 8th Massachusetts Infantry reached Annapolis April 21, 1861, on the railroad ferry Maryland. Col. Benjamin F. Butler forwarded his an the 7th New York Infantry regiments to Washington. Shortly, he was directed to prevent the legislature from acting on secession from the Union.
USNA_080809_346.JPG: Japanese Bell. A copy of the original bell which was brought back to the United States by Commodore Matthew Perry following his mission to Japan in 1851. The bell is placed in front of Bancroft Hall and rung in a semi-annual ceremony for each victory that Navy has registered over Army, to include one of the nation's oldest football rivalries, the Army-Navy Game. The current bell is an exact replica of the original, which the United States Navy returned to the Japanese people in the 1980s.
USNA_080809_389.JPG: Mexican Monument
USNA_080809_396.JPG: Macedonian Monument
USNA_080809_401.JPG: Capture of the Macedonian.
The American frigate United States
Commodore Stephen Decatur, cruising between the Azores and Cape
Verde Islands, on October 25, 1812, was sighted by the British frigate
Captain John S. Carden, and the two ships joined action. A sanguinary fight was maintained when after two hours the Macedonian, losing her mizzenmast and main topmast, became unmanageable and with 104 casualties out of a total of 254, and many of her guns disabled, hauled down her colors.
USNA_080809_409.JPG: Mahan Hall
USNA_080809_547.JPG: Zimmerman Bandstand
USNA_080809_556.JPG: Herndon Monument
USNA_080809_559.JPG: Commander William Lewis Herndon
1813 - 1857
Naval Officer -- Explorer -- Merchant Captain
In command of the Central America home-bound with California gold
seekers, Captain Herndon lost his life in a gallant effort to save
ship and lives during a cyclone off Hatteras September 12, 1857.
"Forgetful of self, in his death he added a new glory to the annals of the sea." -- Maury
USNA_080809_574.JPG: Tripoli Monument (from a brochure at the visitor center, prepared by Captain Warren B. Johnson, USN (Retired), USNA Class of 1947 for the "Save the Tripoli Monument Committee"):
The oldest military statue in the United States (carved in 1806):
"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute," was the rallying cry for the War Against the Barbary Coast pirates in 1804. President Jefferson, who had not previously supported a national navy, decided not to pay for safe passage, as his predecessors had done. Instead, he ordered the few U.S. vessels then available to patrol the Mediterranean Sea. Their mission was to protect expanding trade along the Barbary Coast assuring passage for merchant ships of the newly independent United States of America.
This decision established the doctrine of extension of U.S. power overseas, and resulted in the creation of the United States Navy.
After a series of actions against the "pirates," including the bombardment of the city of Tripoli; the spectacular burning of the USS Philadelphia after it was grounded to prevent its used by Tripoli; the exploding of the USS Inferno, laden with 150 keys of powder and flammable material in the harbor at Tripoli to destroy the Tripolitan fleet; and the capture of pirate ships, the Bashaw reluctantly gave up his practice of capturing U.S. ships and holding their crews for ransom.
The six men who were killed in these actions were eventually cited by Congress for their gallantry. Captain David Porter, himself a captive at the time, instituted a campaign to honor these former shipmates and heroes. He secured permission to solicit funds from fellow officers of the Mediterranean fleet, and eventually obtained the sum of $3,000 with which to contract for the design and execution of the monument.
Carved out of Carrera marble in 1806 by the Italian sculptor, Charles Micali, the Tripoli Monument (initially known as the "Naval Monument") was brought to the United States as ballast in the USS Constitution ("Old Ironsides"); first erected in the Washington Navy Yard; was vandalized during the War of 1812; moved to the west terrace of the Capitol Building in 1830; and relocated to the Naval Academy in 1860.
The Tripoli Monument honors six naval officers who were killed in the first "declared" (by the Bashaw) war of the United States -- the Tripolitan War against the Barbary Coast pirates:
James Round Caldwell
Acting Lieutenants (Midshipmen):
Physical Description of the Monument:
The "Tripoli" or "Naval" Monument (as it was known initially)( was carved in the 17th century allegorical style. An art form not easily understood by contemporary Americans, the sculpture used human-like figures to depict the ideals of glory, fame, history, and commerce. It was built to stand fifteen feet high, but was raised on a large block of stone when moved to the Capitol building. The Tripoli monument was carved of fifty-two blocks of Italian Carrera marble from the same quarry used by Michelangelo.
The central "rostral column" is patterned after the one used in Rome's Coliseum. It contains images of the prows of enemy ships that had been captured. Surmounting the column is an American eagle, rumored to have been patterned after a gold button from an American naval officer's uniform. The winged angel-like figure, flanking the column and sometimes mistaken for that of "Winged Victory"," symbolizes "Fame." At one corner, "History" is seen recording the deeds of the Tripolitan heroes for whom the monument is erected. "Commerce" is the figure who honors the Mediterranean Fleet's role in preserving United States' trade near the Barbary Coast. An Italian interpretation of an American Indian symbolizes the young nation, expanding westward, with the child-like figures at her feet. This maiden represents "Columbia," or what is now "America."
There is speculation among some conservators that the four figures are displaced from their original orientation. They surmise that the configuration was likely adjusted when the monument was moved to the west terrace of the Capitol Building from the Navy Yard in 1830. Tripoli is the oldest military monument in this country -- and America's first monument to be accepted by the U.S. Congress.
USNA_080809_609.JPG: Erected to the memory of Captain
Richard Somers, Lieutenants
James Caldwell, James Decatur,
Henry Wadsworth, Joseph Israel,
and John Dorsey, who fell in the different
attacks that were made on the city of Tripoli
in the Year of our Lord, 1804,
and in the 28th Year of the independence
of the United States.
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