VA -- Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center -- Space Hangar:
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- Copyrights: All pictures were taken by amateur photographer Bruce Guthrie (me!) who retains copyright on them. Free for non-commercial use with attribution. See the [Creative Commons] definition of what this means. "Photos (c) Bruce Guthrie" is fine for attribution. (Commercial use folks including AI scrapers can of course contact me.) Feel free to use in publications and pages with attribution but you don't have permission to sell the photos themselves. A free copy of any printed publication using any photographs is requested. Descriptive text, if any, is from a mixture of sources, quite frequently from signs at the location or from official web sites; copyrights, if any, are retained by their original owners.
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- Specific picture descriptions: Photos above with "i" icons next to the bracketed sequence numbers (e.g. " ") are described as follows:
- AIRS_040817_014.JPG: Gemini VII
- AIRS_040817_027.JPG: Mercury Capsule 15B Freedom 7 II
- AIRS_040817_084.JPG: Vega Solar System Probe Bus and Landing Apparatus
- AIRS_040817_086.JPG: Mobile Quarantine Facility
- AIRS_040817_095.JPG: Spacelab Subsystems Igloo
Spacelab could be configured with an enclose laboratory module, exposed platforms called pallets, or a module-pallet combination. The igloo canister was used on pallet-only missions. Mounted beside a pallet, it held subsystems that supplied power and other utilities to instruments and experiments on the pallet. Missions using an igloo included Spacelab 2, Astro-1, ATLAS-1, ATLAS-2, ATLAS-3, and Astro-2.
Two igloo units were manufactured by SABCA and used in space. This one has intact exterior thermal insulation but its internal hardware has been removed for reuse.
- AIRS_040817_103.JPG: Spacelab Laboratory Module (the big white disk behind the Spacelab Subsystems Igloo)
Developed by the European Space Agency, Spacelab was a modular laboratory system installed in the payload bay of the Space Shuttle orbiter. During Spacelab missions in the 1980's and 1990's, the Shuttle served as an intermittent space station for research conducted by scientists and astronauts. The laboratory module, a pressuring cylindrical room connected by a tunnel to the crew cabin, was Spacelab's primary element. It was outfitted with racks containing subsystems, computers, workstations, storage lockers, supplies, equipment, and experiments that varied from mission to mission.
Two laboratory modules were flown on a total of 16 missions from 1983 through 1998. This one, Module #1, was used nine times, first on the Spacelab 1 mission in 1983 and last on the Microgravity Science Laboratory missions in 1997.
- AIRS_040817_110.JPG: Apollo Boilerplate Command Module
- AIRS_040817_121.JPG: Vega Solar System Probe Bus and Landing Apparatus
- AIRS_040817_141.JPG: Caltech Infrared Telescope
Astronomers and students at California Institute of Technology built this reflecting telescope in the early 1960's to survey the sky for infrared radiation sources. Its 1.6-meter (62-inch) parabolic mirror was made by using a technique called spin casting. Epoxy resin was poured onto a rapidly rotating dish and spun into a perfectly parabolic shape. After the resin hardened, an aluminum coating was applied to provide a reflective surface.
The telescope could survey about 75 percent of the sky in a year, and it had an electromechanical system to filter out background radiation. Data were collected on strip charts. Astronomers inspected the charts to locate infrared sources, then they keyed that data onto paper tape for computer processing. After its installment at Mount Wilson Observatory, the telescope was used to complete the first 2.2-micron all-sky survey.
- AIRS_040817_144.JPG: Ritchey Mirror Grinding Machine
George Willis Ritchey built this mirror grinding machine at the Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin in the late 1890's. It was used to grind a 60-inch mirror for a telescope initially intended for Yerkes. The grinding machine was moved to Pasadena in 1904 to complete work on the mirror. In the 1920's, the machine ended up at the California Institute of Technology. Caltech sold it to the University of California's Lick Observatory in 1949. Astronomers there extensively modified it and used it to make many mirrors over the next four decades. Lick Observatory donated it to the Smithsonian in 1993.
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I still have them though. If you want me to email them to you, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
and I can email them to you, or, depending on the number of images, just repost the page again will the full-sized images.
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- Photo Contact: [Email Bruce Guthrie].