MD -- Aberdeen -- U.S. Army Ordinance Museum -- Yard -- Artillery:
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USAOMA_060814_001.JPG: The US 24 Pounder Field Howitzer: Model 1841:
The 24-pounder along with the 12- and 32-pounders were the ultimate in defensive artillery during the American Civil War. "For defending positions against assault... No artillery can be more efficient than the 24- and 32-pounder field howitzer." The howitzer's light weight allowed it to be maneuvered easily on the battlefield and in defensive positions. The Ames Foundry of Springfield, Massachusetts produced this piece in 1846.
Why is this cannon called a 24 pounder? Until the middle of the19th century, the U.S. Army adapted the European system using the weight of the cannon ball to identify the types of artillery.
USAOMA_060814_008.JPG: 3.2-inch Breechloading Rifle (converted):
At the start of the 20th century, salute firing became hazardous. The advent of breechloaders decreased the opportunity of gun crews to practic serving muzzle-loading guns. With a large number of wrote iron, Model 1861 Ordnance Rifles still on hand, although obsolescent, a decision was made to convert a number of these to breech loading salute guns. About 200 were brought to Watervliet Arsenal where the breeches were re-machined to accept sliding, Hotchkiss type breech blocks and the bore was modified to accept hardened chamber liners. The modified guns could now fire a shortened cartridge case originally intended for 2.24" (6 pounder) Driggs Schroeder MK III rifles, Models 1898 and 1900.
USAOMA_060814_028.JPG: Anzio Annie (Leopold):
This giant railway gun was used by the German army against Allied troops attempting the break out of the Anzio beachhead in 1944. Except when firing, this gun was hidden in a tunnel and easily rolled in and out for use. This weapon, which extracted a very heavy toll in life and equipment, was sabotaged and abandoned by the Germans as the Allies broke out of the beachhead. Anzio Annie weighs 230 tons, has a 70 foot long barrel, and fired 550 pound shells approximately 31 miles.
82 cm Projectile and Cartridge for "Gustav"/"Dora" (Railroad Gun Artillery Shell):
Initial Production 1942:
This projectile was retrieved from the Hilleralieben Proving Ground in Germany in 1945. It is a concrete-piercing shell designed for the enormous 82 cm railroad gun which went by the nicknames "Gustav" and "Dora." This 7 ton, 12 foot 8 inch long shell had a maximum range of 24 miles. The "Gustav" could also fire a 4.7 ton high explosive shell up to 29 miles. "Gustav" was used in only one battle, at the end of the siege of Sevastopol in June - July, 1942. One of the shells penetrated 100 feet of earth to blow up a Soviet powder magazine. It took 350 men to fire "Gustav" because they carefully measured the muzzle velocity and breech pressure to determine how large the next charge should be. Another 150 men were assigned to the headquarters company, 4 observation units, a plotting unit, and other direct staff. The support staff, which included the construction crew, engineers, guards, military police, flak units, fighter cover, and a dog patrol, amounted to 8470 men!
USAOMA_060814_052.JPG: T-1 HE 914 mm shell, United States (Little David Mortar Shell), Initial Production 1943.
This enormous high explosive shell was designed for the 914 mm Little David mortar. The Little David was intended for hardened enemy targets, such as fortifications, underground bunkers, and industrial centers. The T-1 shell, which held 1,600 pounds of high explosives, left a crater 13 feet deep and 39 feet in diameter in test firing.
USAOMA_060814_062.JPG: Canon de 194mle GPF sur Chenilles (Tracked 194mm Howitzer Carriage), France, Initial Production 1938.
This World War I vintage 194mm heavy field howitzer could hurt a 174-pound projectile to a maximum range of 22,750 yards. In order to make this piece more mobile, the French mounted the howitzer on a tracked carriage. A heavy tractor towed the howitzer and its carriage 5 mph on roads and 1.9 mph cross-country. An electric engine in the carriage powered the elevation and traversing of the gun. The engine was powered by a generator carried in an accompanying vehicle. It is uncertain whether the French ever used this howitzers in combat before they were captured by the Germans in 1940. A Technical Intelligence Team captured this howitzer in a German vehicle park near Paris, France in 1944.
USAOMA_060814_192.JPG: 3-inch Barbette Mount: Model 1903 (trainer):
At defended harbors, 3-inch rapid fire guns were used to protect the controlled mine field from attack by enemy small boats. To keep the rapid-fire gun crews trained, one gun, often a dummy gun like this one, was located inside a large building and used to practice rapid loading and aiming the gun at a moving target at the other end of the building.
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Wikipedia Description: United States Army Ordnance Museum
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The U.S. Army Ordnance Museum is a museum located at Aberdeen Proving Ground, in Aberdeen, Maryland, USA.
The mission of the U.S. Army Ordnance Museum is to acquire, preserve, and exhibit historically significant equipment, armaments and materiel that relates to the history of the U.S. Army Ordnance Corps. And, to document and present the evolution and development of U.S. military ordnance material dating from the American Colonial Period to present day.
Established in 1919, and officially opened to the public in 1924, to exhibit captured enemy equipment and materiel, the Museum was located in Building 314 of the Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) and operated by the U.S. Army until 1967. Co-location with APG provided convenient access to the equipment being delivered to APG for testing after World War I. In 1965, local citizens formed the tax-free Ordnance Museum Foundation, Inc. to establish and operate a museum of these military artifacts. The Foundation is not affiliated with the U.S. Army, nor the Department of Defense. The Foundation began operation of the Museum in the early 1970s, upon opening at its current location in Building 2601 on the Aberdeen Proving Ground and operates the Ordnance Museum until this day.
The museum consists of two parts: a large outdoor collection of field military equipment and weaponry, covering a 25-acre park, and an indoor museum displaying firearms and explosives from numerous of the world's militaries, along with histories of their development.
The museum is open to visitors seven days a week, from 9:00am to 4:45pm, excluding most federal holidays.
A Ordnance Museum Foundation has been established with future plans to improve the museum through the construction of a 300,000 square foot indoor exhibition area and maintenance facilities.
The Ordnance Museum Foundation, Inc. was formally incorporated in the State of Maryland as Charity #8849 in December of 1991 as a non-profit, tax exempt corporation. This status as a non-profit tax-exempt corporation was recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as an authorized 501(c)(3) corporation in the Spring of 1992.
The outdoor collection features nearly 200 various military vehicles, Self-propelled guns, tanks, munitions, and numerous mortars and artillery pieces from World War I era forward.
Sample outdoor exhibit artifacts include (not all-inclusive):
* an M2 Bradley armored personnel carrier,
* an US M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank,
* a World War II-vintage halftrack,
* Self-propelled guns,
* a German WW II Panther Tank),
* a Panzer IV tank
* a Soviet T-34 medium tank
* "T12", the largest conventional bomb ever built (U.S. 44,000 lb bomb), standing upright outside the front entrance to the museum building
* US 280mm Field Gun M65 "Atomic Cannon"
* German Krupp K5 Railway gun "Leopold" (one of the "Anzio Annie" twins)
The indoor portion of the Ordnance Museum contains a large collection of firearms, shells, hand grenades, cartridges, and educational displays. Numerous antique artillery and mortars are on display, as is a 1942 Jeep.
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