CA -- San Francisco -- Presidio -- Walt Disney Family Museum -- Gallery 06: The Toughest Period:
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Description of Pictures: 1941–1945
Film for the War Effort:
Production changed dramatically when the government contracted The Walt Disney Studios for a gamut of military and propaganda films. The unusual animated feature Victory Through Air Power, based on Alexander de Seversky’s book, was produced out of Walt’s personal initiative, because he strongly believed in its ideas.
A Radical Change Overnight"
Immediately following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Walt received a phone call at home from the studio manager: “Walt, the Army is moving in on us.” Shortly after, Army units arrived at the Studios, posted guards at the gates, and set up base to protect the nearby Lockheed aircraft plant.
The Good Neighbor Tour:
When the United States government asked Walt to visit South America to promote its “good neighbor” policies, Walt and a group of studio artists used their travels to develop cartoon story ideas. Saludos Amigos became the Studios’ first Latin American feature, premiering in Rio de Janeiro. Its overwhelming popularity led to the production of The Three Caballeros.
In the Presence of The Army:
Walt and Lilly’s daughters were no strangers to the Studios or to the Army personnel present there during the war. “The new Burbank studio became our playground—my sister’s and mine—and we roller-skated there, we learned to ride bikes there, and rode our bikes all over that lot.”—Diane Disney Miller
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WDFM06_180714_001.JPG: The toughest Period
"As I remember, it was the toughest period I've had in my whole life. It wasn't a worry of losing anything, it was just sort of a big disappointment in a lot of things. But something comes out of it. Sometimes you've got to build yourself up and explode. And then you begin to pick up the pieces and take stock." -- Walt
"The 1940s, with the war and our frozen markets, was a bad decade for us. We really got in a tight bind around here. We were a young organization and our fellows were subject to the draft -- to the service -- and we lost many, many of them. Walt jumped in and started making films for the services, and on the strength of that, was able to keep some of the boys to keep a nucleus of an organization going." -- Roy
During the early 1940s Walt and his studio were sorely tested by two major crises. The first was a bitter three-month-long artists' strike, which drastically disrupted the staff's working relationships. The second crisis was World War II, which consumed the studio's attention from the moment the United States entered the war in December 1941. Either one of these events, alone, would have altered the course of Walt's future; together they amounted to an enormous personal and professional challenge.
The strike took its toll, but Walt met the war emergency with a series of creative responses. The studio diversified its activities, producing a distinctive variety of films and other products, and emerged from the war years newly strengthened.
WDFM06_180714_069.JPG: "I feel that they [Communists] really ought to be smoked out and shown up for what they are, so that all of the good, free causes in this country, all the liberalisms that really are American, can go out without the taint of communism. That is my sincere feeling on it."
WDFM06_180714_072.JPG: Latin America
WDFM06_180714_078.JPG: El Grupo
WDFM06_180714_080.JPG: Walt on horseback in South America.
While in Argentina, Walt was invited to observe the gauchos' activities at close range.
WDFM06_180714_081.JPG: Saludos Amigos
WDFM06_180714_088.JPG: The magic feather
WDFM06_180714_111.JPG: Time magazine cover, December 15, 1941
This cover, featuring Admiral Kimmel Cincus, replaced the original Dumbo drawing below after the United States entered World War II.
WDFM06_180714_118.JPG: Back to Basics
WDFM06_180714_120.JPG: The War Years
WDFM06_180714_130.JPG: Walt's work badge
WDFM06_180714_153.JPG: Film for the War Efforts
WDFM06_180714_203.JPG: The Giannini Brothers
WDFM06_180714_205.JPG: The End of the War
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Wikipedia Description: The Walt Disney Family Museum
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Walt Disney Family Museum is an American museum that features the life and legacy of Walt Disney. The museum is located in The Presidio of San Francisco, part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco. The Museum retrofitted and expanded three existing historic buildings on the Presidio’s Main Post. The principal building, at 104 Montgomery Street, faces the Parade Ground, and opened on October 1, 2009.
The Walt Disney Family Museum, LLC is owned, operated and funded by the Walt Disney Family Foundation, a non-profit organization established by Disney's heirs (including Diane Marie Disney, co-founder of the Museum). It is not formally associated with The Walt Disney Company, the media and entertainment enterprise. Museum co-founders are Diane Disney Miller, Walter E.D. Miller, and Joanna Miller Runeare; executive director is Richard Benefield.
Exhibits in the museum focus on Walt Disney's life and career. The lobby displays 248 awards that Disney won during his career, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and many Academy Awards.
There are ten permanent galleries:
1. Beginnings -- Material on Disney's ancestors, childhood and early adulthood. Included are early cartoon drawings and a replica of the ambulance he drove in France after World War I. The beginnings of his animation career are explained.
2. Hollywood -- Disney's California partnership with his brother Roy led to the success of Mickey Mouse.
3. New Horizons in the 1930s. -- Disney's success led to fame and significant improvement in animation techniques.
4. The move to features -- Original art from the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is on diplay.
5. "We were in a new business" -- Additional animated features follow, including Pinocchio, Fantasia and Bambi. Disney builds a new studio in Burbank.
6. "The toughest period in my life" -- Labor unrest and Disney's response to World War II.
7. Postwar production -- Disney moves into live action feature films, including 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.
8. Walt + the natural world -- Disney concentrates on nature documentary films.
9. The 1950s + 1960s: The big screen and beyond -- Disney branches out into television and theme parks.
10. December 15, 1966 -- Worldwide response to Disney's death and his legacy.
Artifacts on display include Walt's original 1/8 scale Lilly Belle train (formerly on display at the Disneyland Railroad's Main Street Station), a series of still drawings demonstrating one-minute footage of Steamboat Willie and an underwater camera used for filming 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. An early conceptual scale model of Disneyland is another feature.
"It's a collection of ideas and documents, a diverse array of archival, filmic, and pop-cultural texts that historicizes Disney's work and compels us to think twice about how we appraise it. The museum energizes the fascinatingly charged scholarly debate that the Disney phenomenon has provoked, shaking the worn, staid, sometimes cynical images we have of Disney and his empire, bringing to them renewed color and motion."
"Given the heritage of the place, you expect to see a ride at the Walt Disney Family Museum . . . And in a way, there is one, since the museum does just what Disney thought a ride should do when he created Disneyland more than half a century ago: it tells a story. And while the museum is almost leisurely in relating its narrative, only here and there veering into uncharted terrain, and while children will quickly pass by many sections that will fascinate their elders, there are more than enough thrills for everyone."
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